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Early Cretaceous Obernkirchen and Bentheim Sandstones from Germany used as dimension stone in the Netherlands: geology, physical properties, architectural use and comparative weathering

By
C. Wim Dubelaar
C. Wim Dubelaar
Geological Survey of the Netherlands (TNO), PO Box 80015, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Timo G. Nijland
Timo G. Nijland
TNO, PO Box 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

The Netherlands, with only scarce occurrences of outcropping or shallow buried natural stone, has over centuries imported huge quantities of Early Cretaceous Bentheim Sandstone and Obernkirchen Sandstone from Germany. The present paper provides an overview of their distribution and properties relevant to their use as building stone, and their mutual differences and comparative weathering. Evidence in Dutch architecture for the onset of quarrying of the Bentheim Sandstone is presented, and an overview is given of the use of Bentheim Sandstone and Obernkirchen Sandstone in the Netherlands and Belgium.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Sustainable Use of Traditional Geomaterials in Construction Practice

R. Přikryl
R. Přikryl
Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
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Á. Török
Á. Török
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary
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M. Gomez-Heras
M. Gomez-Heras
Institute of Geosciences (CSIC, UCM), Spain
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K. Miskovsky
K. Miskovsky
Envix Nord AB, Sweden
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M. Theodoridou
M. Theodoridou
University of Cyprus, Cyprus
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Geological Society of London
Volume
416
ISBN electronic:
9781862397187
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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