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Book Chapter

Antique stone quarries in Turkey: a case study on tuffs in the Temple of Apollon Smintheus

By
Duygu Ergenç
Duygu Ergenç
Conservation and Restoration of Architectural Heritage PhD Program, ETSAM, Polytechnic University of Madrid, 28040, Madrid, SpainInstitute of Geosciences, CSIC-UCM, 28040, Madrid, Spain
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Emine N. Caner Saltık
Emine N. Caner Saltık
Department of Architecture/Restoration Graduate Program, Middle East Technical University, 06800, Ankara, Turkey
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Tamer Topal
Tamer Topal
Department of Geological Engineering, Middle East Technical University, 06800, Ankara, Turkey
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

All types of stones have been used as building stones, depending on their durability, visual harmony with the intended construction and availability. In the Hellenistic period, as in other periods, tuff was preferred as a building stone due to its convenience – it was easy to extract, transport and use for building. In the present study, three ancient quarries that were the possible tuff sources for the Apollon Smintheus Temple in Çanakkale are investigated by comparing the durability properties of stones in the temple and in the quarries. These properties are determined using physical and physico-mechanical tests, comparing fresh and artificially weathered samples. Microstructural and elemental correlations were found using optical microscopy, stereomicroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, methylene blue adsorption and X-ray fluorescence analyses. The results indicate that temple tuffs and two of three quarries have similar geological engineering and microstructural properties with the strong claim that those two quarries could have been the source of building stone for the temple.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Sustainable Use of Traditional Geomaterials in Construction Practice

R. Přikryl
R. Přikryl
Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
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Á. Török
Á. Török
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary
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M. Gomez-Heras
M. Gomez-Heras
Institute of Geosciences (CSIC, UCM), Spain
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K. Miskovsky
K. Miskovsky
Envix Nord AB, Sweden
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M. Theodoridou
M. Theodoridou
University of Cyprus, Cyprus
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Geological Society of London
Volume
416
ISBN electronic:
9781862397187
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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