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GIS-based variability of building materials towards the Île-de-France cuesta (Paris Basin, France): inventory, distribution, uses and relationship with the environment

By
A. Turmel
A. Turmel
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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G. Fronteau
G. Fronteau
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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L. Chalumeau
L. Chalumeau
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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J.-P. Deroin
J.-P. Deroin
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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S. Eyssautier-Chuine
S. Eyssautier-Chuine
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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C. Thomachot-Schneider
C. Thomachot-Schneider
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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T. De Kock
T. De Kock
2
Department of Geology and Soil Science (UGCT), Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium
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V. Cnudde
V. Cnudde
2
Department of Geology and Soil Science (UGCT), Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium
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V. Barbin
V. Barbin
1
Groupe d’Etude des Géomatériaux et Environnement Naturels, Anthropiques et Archéologiques (GEGENAA), EA3795,University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, CREA, 2 Esplanade Roland Garros, F-51100 Reims, France
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

The Pays rémois in the eastern Paris Basin is an administrative area of 1394 km2; in the surroundings of Reims (France). Two main geological substrata are separated by the Île-de-France cuesta: the Tertiary substratum in the western part is composed of various types of geomaterials (clay, sandstone, limestone, burrstone), whereas the substratum in the eastern part is composed only of Cretaceous Chalk. A field survey in each commune of the Pays rémois identified 26 building materials documented in a Geographic Information System database (GIS-database) that includes information about them (lithology, petrographical and petrophysical data, weathering) and the corresponding buildings (e.g. town, georeferenced data, building type, position on the façade). The spatial analysis of the building materials’ distribution (Standard Deviational Ellipse) with GIS identifies their uses and the criteria established for the selection of the materials: availability, efficiency, workability and durability. Some lithologies were preferred for particular buildings or selected for their efficiency in specific positions. The study also defines the relation between the stones’ origin (local and non-local stones) and their application. This database is useful to establish stone replacement strategies in the Pays rémois.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Sustainable Use of Traditional Geomaterials in Construction Practice

R. Přikryl
R. Přikryl
Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
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Á. Török
Á. Török
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary
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M. Gomez-Heras
M. Gomez-Heras
Institute of Geosciences (CSIC, UCM), Spain
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K. Miskovsky
K. Miskovsky
Envix Nord AB, Sweden
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M. Theodoridou
M. Theodoridou
University of Cyprus, Cyprus
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Geological Society of London
Volume
416
ISBN electronic:
9781862397187
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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