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Late Antique marble trade: new insights obtained from stone artefacts from the San Severo complex (Ravenna, Italy)

By
Helena Tůmová
Helena Tůmová
Institute of Classical Archaeology, Faculty of Arts of Charles University in Prague, Celetná 20, Praha 1, Czech Republic
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Andrea Augenti
Andrea Augenti
Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts of University in Bologna, Piazza S. Giovanni in Monte 2, 40124 Bologna, Italy
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Aneta Kuchařová
Aneta Kuchařová
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czech Republic
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Enrico Cirelli
Enrico Cirelli
Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts of University in Bologna, Piazza S. Giovanni in Monte 2, 40124 Bologna, Italy
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Richard Přikryl
Richard Přikryl
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czech Republic
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

Ravenna represented an important administrative, commercial and cultural centre in the fifth and sixth centuries. The present study explored the commercial mechanisms of Ravenna in Late Antiquity from the point of view of the marble trade, as well as the trade in other architectural elements. A portion of the research is based on the macroscopic and quantitative study of stone materials (around 1000 fragments) from the Late Antique and medieval complex of San Severo in Classe (Ravenna, Italy). The results indicated that the predominant commercial relationships of Ravenna with respect to stone artefacts (marbles, limestones, porphyry, breccia, granites) were orientated mainly towards the regions of Asia Minor, with some trade also occurring in minor quantities with North Africa, Greece, Italy, and France.

Three representative marble samples were analysed to make determinations of their provenance. The methods used were based upon a combination of petrographic image analysis, polarizing and cathodoluminescence microscopy of thin sections, and stable isotope geochemistry of carbonates. The Proconnesos and, eventually, other Turkish provenance of the selected samples is considered.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Sustainable Use of Traditional Geomaterials in Construction Practice

R. Přikryl
R. Přikryl
Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
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Á. Török
Á. Török
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary
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M. Gomez-Heras
M. Gomez-Heras
Institute of Geosciences (CSIC, UCM), Spain
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K. Miskovsky
K. Miskovsky
Envix Nord AB, Sweden
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M. Theodoridou
M. Theodoridou
University of Cyprus, Cyprus
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Geological Society of London
Volume
416
ISBN electronic:
9781862397187
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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