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Book Chapter

Deep seismic structure

By
Akira Hasegawa
Akira Hasegawa
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Junichi Nakajima
Junichi Nakajima
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Dapeng Zhao
Dapeng Zhao
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

Japan is located in a region of subduction zones in which four tectonic plates converge (Fig. 7.1), with two oceanic plates subducting beneath two continental plates. Frequent earthquakes are associated with this plate convergence, including several major earthquakes that have caused extensive damage to inhabited areas. The recent M 9.0 11 March 2011 great Tohokuoki earthquake, which occurred along the plate interface east of Tohoku, NE Japan, is an example of a signifcantly destructive earthquake in the region. This event was the greatest earthquake in the modern history of Japan, the worlds fourth-largest earthquake to occur during the era of instrumental seismology, and it caused severe damage to eastern Japan, resulting in c. 20 000 dead and missing.

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Geological Society, London, Geology of Series

The Geology of Japan

Teresa Moreno
Teresa Moreno
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDæA), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
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Simon Wallis
Simon Wallis
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Japan
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Tomoko Kojima
Tomoko Kojima
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Japan
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Wes Gibbons
Wes Gibbons
WPS, 08870 Sitges, Barcelona, Spain
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Geological Society of London
ISBN electronic:
9781862397064
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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