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Book Chapter

Development of the coastal systems of the easternmost Gulf of Finland, and their links with Neolithic–Bronze and Iron Age settlements

By
D. Ryabchuk
D. Ryabchuk
1
A. P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI), Sredny pr. 74, St Petersburg, Russia
2
St Petersburg State University, St Petersburg, Russia
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V. Zhamoida
V. Zhamoida
1
A. P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI), Sredny pr. 74, St Petersburg, Russia
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A. Amantov
A. Amantov
1
A. P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI), Sredny pr. 74, St Petersburg, Russia
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A. Sergeev
A. Sergeev
1
A. P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI), Sredny pr. 74, St Petersburg, Russia
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T. Gusentsova
T. Gusentsova
3
North-West Institute of Natural and Cultural Heritage, St Petersburg, Russia
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P. Sorokin
P. Sorokin
3
North-West Institute of Natural and Cultural Heritage, St Petersburg, Russia
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M. Kulkova
M. Kulkova
4
Herzen State University, St Petersburg, Russia
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D. Gerasimov
D. Gerasimov
5
Peter the Great Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography, St Petersburg, Russia
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

We examine three questions concerning the post-glacial geological history of the eastern Gulf of Finland: (1) the amplitude of the Holocene sea-level regressions; (2) the time and mechanism of the development of large sand accretion forms (bars and spits), including dunes; and (3) the sea-level changes and coastal development over the last 4 kyr. Recent on-land geoarchaeological studies, as well as detailed marine geological research of the Gulf of Finland nearshore bottom, have provided new data for developing a hypothesis about the palaeogeographical development of the area. Geoarchaeological studies carried out around Sestroretsky Artificial Lake and within Okhta Cape, as well as analyses of previous studies of the Neolithic–Early Metal settlements, have shed new light on some aspects of coastal system development. Geographical information system (GIS)-based modelling of Holocene shorelines for the different time periods can be useful for future archaeological research. A series of submarine terraces was found at the bottom of the Gulf (sea depths from 10 to 2 m). The analysis of marine geological data (submarine terraces) and distribution of archaeological sites can be explained by a possible rise in relative sea level in the Gulf of Finland at 5 ka BP and a regression around 3 ka BP.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Geology and Archaeology: Submerged Landscapes of the Continental Shelf

J. Harff
J. Harff
University of Szczecin, Poland
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G. Bailey
G. Bailey
University of York, UK
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F. Lüth
F. Lüth
German Archaeological Institute, Germany
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Geological Society of London
Volume
411
ISBN electronic:
9781862396999
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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