The present photographs represent a result of the application of photography to the observation and documentation of Fresnel’s diffraction phenomena. On my suggestion, these were taken by the students A. Berkmann, E. Taranov, and N. Yakovlev of the Moscow State University. The goal was to portray some of the most important moments in the history of the experimental and theoretical investigation of these phenomena.2
Figures & Tables
Classical and Modern Diffraction Theory
Providing geophysicists with an in-depth understanding of the theoretical and applied background for the seismic diffraction method, “Classical and Modern Diffraction Theory” covers the history and foundations of the classical theory and the key elements of the modern diffraction theory. Chapters include an overview and a historical review of classical theory, a summary of the experimental results illustrating this theory, and key principles of the modern theory of diffraction; the early cornerstones of classical diffraction theory, starting from its inception in the 17th century and an extensive introduction to reprinted works of Grimaldi, Huygens, and Young; details of the classical theory of diffractions as developed in the 19th century and reprinted works of Fresnel, Green, Helmholtz, Kirchhoff, and Rayleigh; and the cornerstones of the modern theory including Keller’s geometrical theory of diffraction, boundary-layer theory, and super-resolution. Appendices on the Cornu spiral and Babinet’s principle are also included.