Structure and Metamorphism
Recent mapping efforts and hydrocarbon exploration in the South Park Basin have brought to light the magnitude in complexity of a structural basin already recognized for its unique sedimentary and tectonic setting. This field trip to one of Colorado’s scenic gems will examine how Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic strata record the tectonic signatures of at least three orogenic episodes. We will cross the Elkhorn–Williams Range thrust system into the structural block caught between Laramide uplifts, and preserving synorogenic sediments from the Pennsylvanian–Permian ancestral Rocky Mountain tectonic episode in juxtaposition with synorogenic sediments from the subsequent Laramide tectonic episode. Late Cretaceous marine sediments from the Western Interior Seaway caught up in complex fold-fault structures between Laramide uplifts create targets for petroleum exploration. Evidence of evaporitic tectonism originating from Pennsylvanian evaporite deposits and hinting at structural complexity dots the landscape. The trip will also explore a post-Laramide surface preserved in a graben developed in the hanging wall of the Elkhorn fault system and view post-Laramide volcanic features. Glacier-carved ranges held up by Precambrian crystalline basement and Paleozoic sediments hardened by contact metamorphism from Paleogene stocks and sills rim the basin. Pleistocene glaciofluvial deposits fan out from the high ranges to blanket the highly deformed basin, masking many of the primary structural features.
Figures & Tables
Prepared in conjunction with the 2016 GSA Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado, this volume contains sixteen guides to field trips in this rich geologic region. The four “Great Surveys” of the late 1800s ventured west to explore and document the region’s unknown natural resources and collect valuable geologic information. Many of the field guides in this volume, aptly titled Unfolding the Geology of the West, will cover the same hallowed ground as the early geologic expeditions. Organized into four sections, this volume spans some of the major subdisciplines of geology: (1) stratigraphy, sedimentology, and paleontology; (2) structure and metamorphism; (3) Quaternary landscape evolution; and (4) engineering and environmental geology.