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We know that 4D seismic technology has become a routinely applied reservoir surveillance tool that is used to increase reserves and improve recovery by locating bypassed and undrained reserves, optimizing infill-well locations and flood patterns, improving reservoir characterization, identifying compartmentalization, and mapping permeability pathways. In addition, 4D seismic can help us to optimize field-development plans by decreasing operating costs. That cost decrease can stem from fewer dry holes drilled and from a reduction in reservoir-model uncertainty, which leads to more effective reservoir management. What lies beyond the routine application of 4D seismic technology? Let us look at several trends and emerging technologies.

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