Controls on the Stratigraphic Architecture of Fluvial Sandstone Reservoirs, Gulf of Thailand
Mirza Naseer Ahmad, Joseph J. Lambiase, Toan Manh Do, Oanh Thi Tran, 2015. "Controls on the Stratigraphic Architecture of Fluvial Sandstone Reservoirs, Gulf of Thailand", Petroleum Systems in “Rift” Basins, Paul J. Post, James Coleman, Jr., Norman C. Rosen, David E. Brown, Tina Roberts-Ashby, Peter Kahn, Mark Rowan
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Many of the important Gulf of Thailand reservoirs are fluvial sandstones within the early to late Miocene. The fluvial sandstones vary considerably with respect to channel size, orientation, and sinuosity, making accurate reservoir characterization difficult as many of them are below seismic resolution. The stratigraphic architecture of the Miocene to Pleistocene succession in The Gulf of Thailand has been investigated by integrating seismic geomorphology, well logs, and biostratigraphic data.
The Oligocene to early Miocene depocenter was controlled by synrift faulting and was adjacent to the large basin bounding faults. Oligocene lacustrine sediments are overlain by an early Miocene fluvial succession consisting of sinuous, broad (average width 2 km) northwest–southeast channel belts in the basin center. Channel belts became straighter and narrower (0.65 km) and change orientation to northeast–southwest in the middle Miocene when the main depocenter shifted eastward after the main phase of rifting ceased. Tidal creeks observed on seismic images supports biostratigraphic data that indicate a marine influence in the middle Miocene, the incursion coming from the northeast. Wide (1 km), northwest–southeast sinuous channels again dominate in the post-rift succession that comprises the top middle Miocene through Pleistocene. The general temporal variations indicate that tectonics was the main control on channel morphology until late early Miocene, whereas, in the middle Miocene short-lived marine incursions are present locally.