Waterflood Optimization in Low-Permeability Turbidites of the Long Beach Unit, Wilmington Field, California1
Creties Jenkins, Don Michel, David Simmons, Nitin Srivastava, Shahin Al-Sharif, Randy Harris, John Weisgram, 2006. "Waterflood Optimization in Low-Permeability Turbidites of the Long Beach Unit, Wilmington Field, California", Reservoir Characterization: Integrating Technology and Business Practices, Roger M. Slatt, Norman c. Rosen, Michael Bowman, John Castagna, Timothy Good, Robert Loucks, Rebecca Latimer, Mark Scheihing, Hu Smith
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The U-P Ford zone in the Long Beach Unit of the East Wilmington Field consists of low-permeability (2-50 millidarcies) turbidites that have been waterflooded since field start-up. Forty years of successes and failures have provided valuable insights into how to best waterflood these reservoirs given their thin-bedded nature, lateral and vertical changes in reservoir quality, formation damage susceptibility, and sand control problems. Multiple techniques and technologies have been applied to describe their reservoir architecture, quantify reservoir performance, and extract the oil. This work has become more challenging as the waterflood has matured and will require the close integration of all disciplines to identify and exploit remaining opportunities.