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Book Chapter

Tuesday afternoon: Paleogene Tectonics and Stratigraphy, Northeast South America

Published:
December 01, 2007

Abstract

Numerous structural, tectonic, and geometric aspects of the eastern South Caribbean plate boundary zone are assessed or reassessed in the light of seismic reflection data, field studies from 2000-2007, heavy mineral analysis, updated interpretation of seismic tomography, seismicity, GPS data, and refined plate kinematic constraints for the Cenozoic. We show that the Cretaceous passive margin of northern South America was transformed to a north-facing, slowly convergent margin in the late Maastrichtian, and that the collision between the Caribbean and South America was a collision of two convergent margins above an intervening, “doubly subducting” proto-Caribbean oceanic lithosphere. The new assessments are iteratively integrated to create semi-quantitative palinspastic reconstructions for 5, 10, 25, 31, and 42 Ma, on which paleogeographies are developed. The origin of key sandstone units are considered, due to their importance as major reservoirs, as well as the implications of the kinematic and dynamic modeling for structural timing. The primary collision between the two plates was completed by 10 Ma; subsequent motion was essentially east-west strike slip; and the deformations were driven mainly in a bow-wave model of transcurrent simple shear.

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Contents

GCSSEPM

The Paleogene of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Basins: Processes, Events and Petroleum Systems

Lorcan Kennan
Lorcan Kennan
Houston, Texas
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James Pindell
James Pindell
Houston, Texas
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Norman C. Rosen
Norman C. Rosen
Houston, Texas
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
27
ISBN electronic:
978-0-9836096-3-6
Publication date:
December 01, 2007

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