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The Dunvegan Formation is a mid-Cretaceous alluvial plain-deltaic deposit exposed along the Rocky Mountain Foothills and Peace River Valley of Alberta and British Columbia, Canada. A multiproxy approach, combining paleosol micromorphology, geochemistry, and mineralogy with palynology, is used to reconstruct the climatic, pedogenic, and depositional history of this high-latitude setting during a greenhouse climate regime. Intrinsic features of paleosols within the Dunvegan Formation suggest a warm to cool temperate paleoclimate. These paleosols experienced multiple depositional phases superimposed on pedogenic phases that resulted in complicated compound, complex, and welded paleosol profiles. Well-preserved palynomorph assemblages within the paleosols are composed primarily of fern spores, with small percentages of gymnosperm pollen. The palynomorphs suggest a humid paleoclimate ranging from cool temperate to subtropical. The abundance of fern spores in all of the paleosol profiles suggests early successional colonization of the floodplain. Better-developed interfluve paleosols contain greater percentages of tree pollen, indicating the presence of nearby forests. Within interfluve paleosols, intervals barren of pollen coincide with sequence boundaries identified on the basis of micromorphology and geochemistry. Our combined paleopedological and palynological data sets, together with macrofloral and geochemical paleoclimate indicators, suggest that the Dunvegan alluvial-coastal plain complex probably formed under a humid, warm to cool temperate paleoclimate with a mean annual temperature (MAT) between 12 and 14° C and mean annual precipitation (MAP) between 1200 and 1300 mm yr-1. These integrated data sets also provide a better understanding of the stratigraphic development of the coastal plains.

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