Mid-Devonian sinistral transpressional movements on the Great Glen Fault: the rise of the Rosemarkie Inlier and the Acadian Event in Scotland
Published:January 01, 2010
J. R. Mendum, S. R. Noble, 2010. "Mid-Devonian sinistral transpressional movements on the Great Glen Fault: the rise of the Rosemarkie Inlier and the Acadian Event in Scotland", Continental Tectonics and Mountain Building: The Legacy of Peach and Horne, R. D. Law, R. W. H. Butler, R. E. Holdsworth, M. Krabbendam, R. A. Strachan
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The Rosemarkie Inlier is a small fault-bounded lens of interleaved Moine psammites and possible Lewisianoid orthogneisses with distinctive leucogranite veins and pods that lies adjacent to the Great Glen Fault (GGF). The basement rocks and most of the leucogranites are strongly deformed and tightly folded with foliations generally steeply dipping and a locally well-developed NE-plunging rodding lineation. Mid-Devonian sandstone and conglomerate unconformably overlie the inlier on its western side. Monazite from a deformed leucogranite vein gave a mean ID-TIMS 207Pb/235U age of 397.6±2.2 Ma and acicular zircons gave a compatible concordant ID-TIMS U–Pb age of 400.8±2.6 Ma, dating emplacement as mid-Devonian. Xenocrystic zircons from the leucogranites and complex zoned zircons from two adjacent tonalitic gneisses gave LA-MC-ICP-MS concordant ages between 2720 and 2930 Ma confirming their Archaean Lewisianoid origin. Leucogranite emplacement is interpreted to mark the onset of Acadian transpression and sinistral strike-slip movement on the GGF that resulted in multi-phase deformation and oblique exhumation of the Rosemarkie Inlier. The sequence and structure of the Early-Devonian Meall Fuar-mhonaidh Outlier, 32 km farther SW along the GGF, are also linked to this tectonic event, which was apparently localized along the main terrane-bounding faults in Scotland.
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Continental Tectonics and Mountain Building: The Legacy of Peach and Horne
The world's mountain ranges are the clearest manifestations of long-term deformation of the continental crust. As such they have attracted geological investigations for centuries. Throughout this long history of research a few keynote publications stand out. One of the most important is the Geological Survey's 1907 Memoir on The Geological Structure of the North-West Highlands of Scotland. The Memoir summarized some of the Geological Survey's finest work, and outlined many of the principles of field-based structural and tectonic analysis that have subsequently guided generations of geologists working in other mountain belts, both ancient and modern. The thematic set of 32 papers in this Special Publication celebrate the 100th anniversary of the 1907 Memoir by placing the original findings in both historical and modern contexts, and juxtaposing them against present-day studies of deformation processes operating not only in the NW Highlands, but also in other mountain belts.