Neoproterozoic successions in Peninsular India and their hydrocarbon prospectivity
Jokhan Ram, 2012. "Neoproterozoic successions in Peninsular India and their hydrocarbon prospectivity", Geology and Hydrocarbon Potential of Neoproterozoic–Cambrian Basins in Asia, G. M. Bhat, J. Craig, J. W. Thurow, B. Thusu, A. Cozzi
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The burgeoning oil and gas consumption in India in recent years has necessitated looking into the Proterozoic basins of India, which are sparsely explored and have a scanty knowledge base. The rationale for hydrocarbon exploration in Indian Proterozoic basins is derived from the fact that they have large basinal areas, wide geographical distribution, varied geotectonic setting and sedimentary fill. The favourable tectonic settings of these basins, pronounced biological activity, known hydrocarbon gas seepages, and subsurface commercially viable oil and gas shows in the Bikaner–Nagaur and Vindhyan basins and analogous basins throughout the world necessitate proactive exploration strategies in these basins. The basins of Bikaner–Nagaur, Vindhyan, Cuddapah and Chhatishgarh include thick Neoproterozoic/basal Lower Palaeozoic (Cambrian) successions, in addition to Palaeoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic sequences. The Neoproterozic sediments in these basins incorporate thick successions of shale, limestone and sandstone. These successions have rich organic matter of high-quality cyanophycean (stromatolites, acritarchs and filamentous algae) affinity that is proven to be high-quality (type one) source material for hydrocarbon generation and also involved in later structurization. However, the Neoproterozoic sedimentary pack in the Bhima–Kaladgi basins is comparatively less thick, and appears to have less prospectivity. The available geological and source-rock data are reassessed for their hydrocarbon prospectivity in order to help in planning a strategy for exploration in these basins.
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This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the geology and hydrocarbon potential of the major Neoproterozoic–Cambrian basins of Asia from Oman, across the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent, to China and SE Siberia, along with new research on the region. Many of these areas (e.g., Oman, Bikaner–Nagaur Basin in India, South China and SE Siberia) host prolific Neoproterozoic–Cambrian petroleum systems with giant to supergiant fields. Three key elements: (1) tectonic stability, (2) relatively late phase of hydrocarbon generation and (3) presence of an effective evaporite seal, seem to be critical for the development of effective Neoproterozoic–Cambrian petroleum systems. These key elements appear of less consequence for the development of ‘unconventional’ hydrocarbons, and the future prospectivity in many of these basins may lie in the exploration for, and production of, shale gas and shale oil directly from the thermally mature, organic-rich source rocks.