E. M. Anderson, 2012. "Facsimile reproduction of The Dynamics of Faulting", Faulting, Fracturing and Igneous Intrusion in the Earth’s Crust, D. Healy, R. W. H. Butler, Z. K. Shipton, R. H. Sibson
Download citation file:
IT has been known for long that faults arrange themselves naturally into different classes, which have originated under different conditions of pressure in the rock mass. The object of the present paper is to show a little more clearly the connection between any system of faults and the system of forces which gave rise to it.
It can be shown mathematically that any system of forces, acting within a rock which for the time being is in equilibrium, resolves itself at any particular point into three pressures or tensions (or both combined), acting across three planes which are at right angles to one another.
Figures & Tables
Faulting, Fracturing and Igneous Intrusion in the Earth’s Crust
Geologists have long grappled with understanding the mechanical origins of rock deformation. Stress regimes control the nucleation, growth and reactivation of faults and fractures; induce seismic activity; affect the transport of magma; and modulate structural permeability, thereby influencing the redistribution of hydrothermal and hydrocarbon fluids. Experimentalists endeavour to recreate deformation structures observed in nature under controlled stress conditions. Earth scientists studying earthquakes will attempt to monitor or deduce stress changes in the Earth as it actively deforms. All are building upon the pioneering research and concepts of Ernest Masson Anderson, dating back to the start of the twentieth century. This volume celebrates Anderson’s legacy, with 14 original research papers that examine faulting and seismic hazard; structural inheritance; the role of local and regional stress fields; low angle faults and the role of pore fluids; supplemented by reviews of Andersonian approaches and a reprint of his classic paper of 1905.