Valerija Čepulytė (1904–1987) and her studies of the Quaternary formations in Lithuania
Ona Kondratienė, Migle Stančikaitė, 2008. "Valerija Čepulytė (1904–1987) and her studies of the Quaternary formations in Lithuania", History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology, R. H. Grapes, D. Oldroyd, A. Grigelis
Download citation file:
Valerija Čepulyte (1904–1987) devoted her life to the development and promotion of geographical/geological research in Lithuania. The different aspects of Quaternary stratigraphy, palaeogeography, extent of the Last Glacial (Weichselian) and deglaciation of the territory, together with the development of the geomorphological terminology and methodology of the geomorphological mapping, were of primary interest to her during her long scientific career. Graduating from Vilnius University in 1939, Čepulyte became the first woman in Lithuania to take a doctoral degree in geographical science (1948) and in 1968 she was awarded the Doctor Habilitus degree. Her scientific innovations and ideas were important for generations of research workers dealing with the Quaternary system both in Lithuania and abroad.
Figures & Tables
This book deals with various interesting aspects of the histories of geomorphology and Quaternary geology in different parts of the world. The papers cover a range of topics: the origin of the term ‘Quaternary’, histories of ideas and debates relating to aspects of fluvial geomorphology (USA and Australia), glacial geomorphology and glaciation (Northern Europe, the Baltic countries, Russia, Iceland, and New Zealand), desert dunes and the geology of Australia, peneplains in China, a palaeo-Tokyo Bay in Japan, together with biographies of Charles Cotton (New Zealand), Valerija Čepulytė (Lithuania) and Česlovas Pakuckas (Lithuania and Poland) that highlight their respective contributions to the disciplines of geomorphology and Quaternary geology. There is an autobiographical contribution from E. E. Milanovsky (Russia) on his work in Siberia, the Caucasus and Iceland, illustrated by his sketches made in the field.