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Česlovas Pakuckas (or Czesław Pachucki): pioneer of modern glaciomorphology in Lithuania and Poland

By
Algirdas Gaigalas
Algirdas Gaigalas
Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania (e-mail: Algirdas.Gaigalas@gf.vu.lt)
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Marek Graniczny
Marek Graniczny
Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland
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Jonas Satkūnas
Jonas Satkūnas
Geological Survey of Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania
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Halina Urban
Halina Urban
Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

The contributions of the Lithuanian geologist Česlovas Pakuckas (1898–1956) (in Poland – Czesław Pachucki) to Pleistocene geology are of major significance, and he is regarded as the pioneer of modern glaciomorphological investigations of the Baltic marginal highlands in Lithuania and Poland. Pakuckas published his first paper on the glacial morphology of south Lithuania in 1934, followed in 1936 with one on the orientation marginal moraines in the east Lithuanian highlands and their origin, and in 1938 with another on the glacial morphology of south Lithuania. His ideas on glacial morphology were presented at the First Conference of Lithuanian and Latvian geologists held in Kaunas in 1940. Working in Poland after World War II, Pakuckas continued his glaciomorphological research and compiled data on the correlation of end moraines of NE Poland and south Lithuania with those in west Belarus as well as the Peribalticum. He concluded that during the Last Glaciation, the continental glacier was not a single ice sheet but consisted of a number of flows, each dependent on topography and each with its specific glacial centre. In Lithuania, Pakuckas defined one large field of lateral moraines, the so-called Baltic Highland consisting of the Sūduva, Dzūkija and Aukštaitija highlands. He traced this formation SW as the Mazurian arc of lateral moraines (in NE Poland) and found that the Švenčionys–Naroch or north Belarus field of lateral moraines extend to the NE of the Baltic Highland.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology

R. H. Grapes
R. H. Grapes
Korea University, South Korea
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D. Oldroyd
D. Oldroyd
The University of New South Wales, Australia
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A. Grigelis
A. Grigelis
Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, Lithuania
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Geological Society of London
Volume
301
ISBN electronic:
9781862395497
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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