Mapping volcanic terrain using high-resolution and 3D satellite remote sensing
Published:January 01, 2007
M. Kervyn, F. Kervyn, R. Goossens, S. K. Rowland, G. G. J. Ernst, 2007. "Mapping volcanic terrain using high-resolution and 3D satellite remote sensing", Mapping Hazardous Terrain Using Remote Sensing, R. M. Teeuw
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Most of the hazardous volcanoes, especially those in developing countries, have not been studied or regularly monitored. Moderate-to-high spatial resolution and 3D satellite remote sensing offers a low-cost route to mapping and assessing hazards at volcanoes worldwide. The capabilities of remote sensing techniques are reviewed and an update of recent developments is provided, with emphasis on low-cost data, including optical (Landsat, ASTER, SPOT, CORONA), topographic (3D ASTER, SRTM) and synthetic aperture radar data. Applications developed here illustrate capabilities of relevant remote sensing data to map hazardous volcanic terrain and derive quantitative data, focusing on mapping and monitoring of volcanic morphology. Limitations of the methods, assessment of errors and planned new sensors are also discussed.
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Mapping Hazardous Terrain Using Remote Sensing
The dangers that we face from geohazards appear to be getting worse, especially with the impact of increasing population and global climate change. This collection of papers illustrates how remote sensing technologies - measuring, mapping and monitoring the Earth’s surface from aircraft or satellites - can help us to rapidly detect and better manage geohazards. The hazardous terrains examined include areas of landslides, flooding, erosion, contaminated land, shrink-swell clays, subsidence, seismic activity and volcanic landforms. Key aspects of remote sensing are introduced, making this a book that can easily be read by those who are unfamiliar with remote sensing. The featured remote sensing systems include aerial photography and photogrammetry, thermal scanning, hyperspectral sensors, airborne laser altimetry (LiDAR), radar interferometry and multispectral satellites (Landsat, ASTER). Related technologies and methodogies, such as the processing of Digital Elevation Models and data analysis using Geographical Information Systems, are also discussed.