The character and origin of thick base-of-slope sandstone units of the Peïra Cava outlier, SE France
Simon E. Lee, L. A. Amy, P. J. Talling, 2004. "The character and origin of thick base-of-slope sandstone units of the Peïra Cava outlier, SE France", Deep-Water Sedimentation in the Alpine Basin of SE France: New perspectives on the Grès d'Annot and related systems, P. Joseph, S. A. Lomas
Download citation file:
Many hydrocarbon reservoirs occur within confined turbidite systems in which the depositional pattern of turbidity currents has been strongly influenced by basin-floor topography. In certain settings basin-floor topography may cause the development of anomalously thick (tens of metres) sandstones that are potentially excellent reservoir units. Southern exposures of the Peïra Cava outlier (Eocene-Oligocene; Annot Sandstones) provide well-exposed outcrops of such decametre-thick sandstone bodies. These units are located close to basin margins and downstream from an inferred topographic break-in-slope. Several base-of-slope sandstone bodies are examined that illustrate a common sedimentary theme of a complex basal unit, comprising laterally pinching or inter-fingering debrite and turbidite, abruptly overlain by a single, thick normally graded turbidite deposit. One of these sandstone bodies pinches out laterally over less than several hundred metres and sits within a deep (>20 m) ‘spoon shaped’ erosional scour. The scour is similar to morphological features observed in modern base-of-slope settings recently imaged using high-resolution submarine bathymetric surveys. Several different process interpretations may explain the occurrence of such sandstone bodies including remobilization of newly deposited sediment off basinmargins and enhanced deposition due to flow across a break-in-slope. A submarine channel interpretation is not consistent with the field observations. However, these units do share a number of similar features to channels that could lead to the misinterpretation of reservoir geometry.
Figures & Tables
Deep-Water Sedimentation in the Alpine Basin of SE France: New perspectives on the Grès d'Annot and related systems
The Grès d′Annot Formation of SE France constitutes a classic and outstanding example of a sand-rich turbidite system controlled by synsedimentary tectonics, and has often been used as an outcrop analogue for deep-water hydrocarbon reservoirs. Over the last 10 years, research efforts by different academic and industrial teams have led to important reappraisals of prevailing ideas on the Gres d′Annot, particularly on the nature and controlling factors of the depositional processes, the small-scale architecture and sequence organization of the deposits, the tectonic regime of the basin and its impact on palaeogeography, and the interaction between sediment gravity flows and basin-floor topography.
This volume offers a multidisciplinary overview and draws up the ′state-of-the-art′ of scientific knowledge on this influential turbidite system. Complementary aspects are covered, from structural geology, sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy, to modelling of sedimentary processes and architectures, geochemistry, reservoir characterization, seismic modelling and uses as analogues for deep-marine hydrocarbon fields.
This book will be of use to both academic researchers (geologists and geophysicists) and industry professionals dealing with the characterization and modelling of deep-water sediments.