Syndepositional faulting in the Grès d'Annot Formation, SE France: high-resolution kinematic analysis and stratigraphic response to growth faulting
Renaud Bouroullec, Joe A. Cartwright, Howard D. Johnson, Christophe Lansigu, Jean-Marie Quémener, Dominique Savanier, 2004. "Syndepositional faulting in the Grès d'Annot Formation, SE France: high-resolution kinematic analysis and stratigraphic response to growth faulting", Deep-Water Sedimentation in the Alpine Basin of SE France: New perspectives on the Grès d'Annot and related systems, P. Joseph, S. A. Lomas
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The presence of syndepositional reservoir scale faulting in the Grès d'Annot Formation adds an additional level of complexity in understanding the stratigraphic architecture of these, and potentially other, deep-water reservoir successions. A series of five synsedimentary faults have been characterized in relation to the high-resolution depositional framework of the Annot deep-water sandstone, faults that were active at the time of deposition of the Grès d'Annot, influencing both stratigraphic architecture and depositional processes. The five faults have normal throw, strike NE-SW (perpendicular to the regional palaeocurrent direction), and have maximum syndepositional throws of between 5 and 30m (sub-seismic-resolution scale). To understand the nature of the synsedimentary faulting, a high-resolution stratigraphic framework was developed from six vertical sedimentary sections measured along the 600m high cliff face, and from detailed correlations along photomosaic panels. Ten lithofacies have been identified and grouped into three different architectural elements that have been used as reference units for the high-resolution kinematic analysis. Syndepositional deformation of these architectural elements indicates that the faults had a polycyclic kinematic behaviour. In the hanging wall, abrupt pinchout of sandstone bodies and unusual local variations in sandstone texture also support the influence of faulting during deposition.
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Deep-Water Sedimentation in the Alpine Basin of SE France: New perspectives on the Grès d'Annot and related systems
The Grès d′Annot Formation of SE France constitutes a classic and outstanding example of a sand-rich turbidite system controlled by synsedimentary tectonics, and has often been used as an outcrop analogue for deep-water hydrocarbon reservoirs. Over the last 10 years, research efforts by different academic and industrial teams have led to important reappraisals of prevailing ideas on the Gres d′Annot, particularly on the nature and controlling factors of the depositional processes, the small-scale architecture and sequence organization of the deposits, the tectonic regime of the basin and its impact on palaeogeography, and the interaction between sediment gravity flows and basin-floor topography.
This volume offers a multidisciplinary overview and draws up the ′state-of-the-art′ of scientific knowledge on this influential turbidite system. Complementary aspects are covered, from structural geology, sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy, to modelling of sedimentary processes and architectures, geochemistry, reservoir characterization, seismic modelling and uses as analogues for deep-marine hydrocarbon fields.
This book will be of use to both academic researchers (geologists and geophysicists) and industry professionals dealing with the characterization and modelling of deep-water sediments.