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Prograde and retrograde reactions, garnet zoning patterns, and accessory phase behaviour in SW Finland migmatites, with implications for geochronology

By
Annika I. Nyström
Annika I. Nyström
Department of Geology, University of TurkuFIN-20014 Turun Yliopisto, Finlandannika.nystrom@utu.fi
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Leo M. Kriegsman
Leo M. Kriegsman
National Museum of Natural History/NaturalisPO Box 9517, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlandskriegsman@naturalis.nnm.nl
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Published:
January 01, 2003

Abstract

Rates of melt production and segregation in migmatites can be assessed using geochronology of accessory phases. Here we report on the distribution and growth patterns of accessory phases and their coupling with major phase microtextures and chemical zoning patterns in garnet. We propose that migmatization in SW Finland involved partial melting and subsequent moderate retrograde re-equilibration. The latter process has three major effects: (i) it partially obscures geochemical signatures formed during earlier equilibrium or disequilibrium melting; (ii) it excludes the possibility of very fast (< 100 years per batch) melt segregation rates in migmatites where restite-melt back reaction has operated; (iii) trace element distributions between leucosome and host rock cannot be used to infer melt segregation rates.

Garnet MnO patterns show flat cores, suggesting high-grade equilibration, and sharply increasing concentrations at the rims, attributed to garnet-melt back reaction. Trace element patterns (Zr, Y and heavy rare earth elements) also document retrogression at the rims, but in addition preserve earlier growth zoning related to incongruent melting. We report retrograde zircon and xenotime growth associated with garnet resorption, here related to restite-melt back reaction in leucosome, melanosome and mesosome. Hence, geochronological studies of migmatite terranes should take into account that the youngest zircon material is not restricted to leucosome, but can also form overgrowths on corroded grains in melanosome and mesosome.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Geochronology: Linking the Isotopic Record with Petrology and Textures

D. Vance
D. Vance
Royal HollowayUniversity of London, UK
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W. Müller
W. Müller
The Australian National UniversityAustralia
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I. M. Villa
I. M. Villa
University of BernSwitzerland
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Geological Society of London
Volume
220
ISBN electronic:
9781862394681
Publication date:
January 01, 2003

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