Influence of extension and compression on salt diapirism in its type area, East Carpathians Bend area, Romania
Mihai Stefanescu, Oprea Dicea, Gabor Tari, 1999. "Influence of extension and compression on salt diapirism in its type area, East Carpathians Bend area, Romania", Salt, Shale and Igneous Diapirs in and around Europe, Bruno C. Vendeville, Yossi Mart, Jean-Louis Vigneresse
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The East Carpathians Bend area has a very complex structure characterized by the presence of nappes, their post-tectonic cover and salt diapirs. The salt forming the studied diapirs is Early Miocene (Burdigalian) in age. After its accumulation the salt was more or less continuously involved in alternating extensional and compressional stages that deformed it from its original tabular position to the present-day diapir. Five stages of salt deformation have been established: initial, pre-nappe emplacement, nappe emplacement, post-nappe emplacement and Wallachian. During all of these stages the salt was configured into different shapes: it formed a truncated cone during the initial stage, a mushroom head during the prenappe emplacement stage, and an increasingly more tapered shape with nappe emplacement and during the post-nappe emplacement stages. Finally, it was squeezed out and refashioned by strike-slip faulting during the Wallachian compressional stage of Pleistocene age.
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Salt, Shale and Igneous Diapirs in and around Europe
The ten articles in this book describe the mode of emplacement of various types of intrusions (salt diapirs, mud volcanoes and magmatic bodies) by means of theoretical reasoning, analogue and analytical modelling, interpretation of seismic and field data, and geodetic surveying. All the articles emphasize the role of regional tectonics in driving or controlling the emplacement of the intrusions. The selection of articles includes examples from Spain, Romania, onshore and offshore Italy, the Eastern Mediterranean, Israel and iran.
Better understanding of the mode of emplacement of these intrusions has applications in hydrocarbon exploration (e.g., where salt structures or mud diapirs are present) and in the mining industry (where mineralization is related to the emplacement of batholiths).