Structure and geophysics of the Gåsborn granite, central Sweden: an example of fracture-fed asymmetric pluton emplacement
Published:January 01, 1999
Alexander R. Cruden, Håkan Sjöström, Sven Aaro, 1999. "Structure and geophysics of the Gåsborn granite, central Sweden: an example of fracture-fed asymmetric pluton emplacement", Understanding Granites: Integrating New and Classical Techniques, Antonio Castro, Carlos Fernández, Jean Louis Vigneresse
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The emplacement mechanisms of the Palaeoproterozoic Gåsborn granite, a satellite of the Transscandinavian Igneous Belt (TIB), are investigated using an integrated structural and geophysical approach. The pluton is discordant to c. 1.89 Ga folded supracrustal rocks that were deformed and metamorphosed at c. 1.85–1.80 Ga during the Svecokarelian Orogeny. Emplacement occurred at a depth of c. 10 km, within a regime of late Svecokarelian dextral transpression. Deformation of the pluton during cooling resulted in the formation of a variably developed foliation in the granite and deflection of less competent wall-rock units around its western and eastern contacts. Later E-W Sveconorwegian shortening resulted in the formation of shear zones that affect one of the pluton margins and may contribute to a component of the observed wall-rock distortion. The granite is situated above strong NNW-trending linear magnetic and negative gravity anomalies, which are interpreted to correspond to an important early Svecokarelian shear zone. The geophysical data indicate that the pluton is markedly asymmetric and modelling of the residual gravity field suggests that it consists of a deep root zone in the west and a thin sill-like body, which makes up most of the east and south parts of the body. Emplacement of the sill-like part occurred by lateral flow of magma from the root zone accommodated by downwarping of the underlying units. Intrusion of the thicker, discordant west part may have been accommodated by a combination of roof lifting and floor depression, aided by displacement on an active shear zone.
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Understanding Granites: Integrating New and Classical Techniques
Granite magmatism represents a major contribution to crustal growth and recycling and, consequently, is one of the most important mechanisms to have contributed to the geochemical differentiation of the Earth’s crust since Archaean time. Granites are also often associated with ore bodies, and their study therefore has direct commercial relevance.
The modern view of the granite problems requires the application of many different theoretical, experimental and empirical resources provided by geophysics, geochemistry, experimental petrology, structural geology, scale modelling and field geology. Because of the complexity of the granite problem, it is necessary to integrate a variety of techniques and corroborate the findings with field observations.This is the philosophy of this book.
Many chapters are review papers dealing with the development and achievements of a particular technique, whilst other chapters deal with the application of a number of techniques to a specific problem. This volume brings together papers that would otherwise be dispersed in different publications.
The book will be of interest to igneous petrologists, geophysicists, structural geologists and geochemists.