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Abstract

The emplacement mechanisms of the Palaeoproterozoic Gåsborn granite, a satellite of the Transscandinavian Igneous Belt (TIB), are investigated using an integrated structural and geophysical approach. The pluton is discordant to c. 1.89 Ga folded supracrustal rocks that were deformed and metamorphosed at c. 1.85–1.80 Ga during the Svecokarelian Orogeny. Emplacement occurred at a depth of c. 10 km, within a regime of late Svecokarelian dextral transpression. Deformation of the pluton during cooling resulted in the formation of a variably developed foliation in the granite and deflection of less competent wall-rock units around its western and eastern contacts. Later E-W Sveconorwegian shortening resulted in the formation of shear zones that affect one of the pluton margins and may contribute to a component of the observed wall-rock distortion. The granite is situated above strong NNW-trending linear magnetic and negative gravity anomalies, which are interpreted to correspond to an important early Svecokarelian shear zone. The geophysical data indicate that the pluton is markedly asymmetric and modelling of the residual gravity field suggests that it consists of a deep root zone in the west and a thin sill-like body, which makes up most of the east and south parts of the body. Emplacement of the sill-like part occurred by lateral flow of magma from the root zone accommodated by downwarping of the underlying units. Intrusion of the thicker, discordant west part may have been accommodated by a combination of roof lifting and floor depression, aided by displacement on an active shear zone.

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