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Granitic pluton emplacement and zonation are controlled, among others, by regional deformation and the rate of magma supply. The latter has consequences for the disposition of successively emplaced, more chemically evolved, batches of magma. Our general interpretation is based on a multidisciplinary approach combining field observations, gravity data, internal structures and geochemical variations. Magma feeders are identified in the plutons as the deepest zones, inferred from gravity measurements, when they also correspond to vertical lineations. Correlation of the root zone location with compositional zoning indicate how the magma evolved during emplacement. Two case studies of Hercynian granite plutons illustrate the interpretations: the normally zoned Cabeza de Araya pluton (Spain), and the multiphase Fichtelgebirge pluton (Germany) which displays both normal and reverse zoning. It is proposed that reverse zoning reflects discontinuous magma injection due to a tectonic rate slower than the rate of magma supply. Conversely, normal zoning can occur when magma injection is continuous in time, with successive magma batches entering within not yet crystallized magma. The two case studies illustrate how the understanding of compositional zoning and emplacement of granitic plutons can be improved by multidisciplinary approaches combining classical and modern techniques.

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