Tectonic Evolution of the Ixtapa Graben, an Example of a Strike-slip Basin of Southeastern Mexico: Implications for Regional Petroleum Systems
Javier J. Meneses-Rocha, 2001. "Tectonic Evolution of the Ixtapa Graben, an Example of a Strike-slip Basin of Southeastern Mexico: Implications for Regional Petroleum Systems", The Western Gulf of Mexico Basin: Tectonics,Sedimentary Basins, and Petroleum Systems, Claudio Bartolini, Richard T. Buffler, Abelardo Cantú-Chapa
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The Ixtapa graben is located in the center of the Strike-slip Fault province of the Sierra de Chiapas, Mexico. In this graben, rocks of middle Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian) to Pleistocene age represent a section in which successively younger beds lie to the south-east. This section is 15,365 m thick and represents marine, transitional, and continental environments with numerous vertical and lateral facies changes through the whole section and unconformities in the uppermost part. Along the flanks of the graben, beds are upturned and form positive flower structures.
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Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the main compound identified as affecting the stability of the Earth's climate. A significant reduction in the volume of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere is a key mechanism for mitigating climate change. Geological storage of CO 2, or the injection and long-term stabilization of large volumes of CO 2 in the subsurface in saline aquifers, in existing hydrocarbon reservoirs or in unmineable coal seams, is one of the more technologically advanced options available. A number of studies have been carried out and are reported here. They are aimed at understanding the safety, physical and chemical behaviour and long-term fate of CO 2 when stored in geological formations. Until efficient, alternative energy options can be developed, geological storage of CO 2, the subject of this volume, provides a mechanism to reduce carbon emissions significantly whilst continuing to meet the global demand for energy.