Middle Jurassic-Upper Cretaceous Paleogeographic Evolution and Sequence-stratigraphic Framework of the Northwest Gulf of Mexico Rim
R. K. Goldhammer, C. A. Johnson, 2001. "Middle Jurassic-Upper Cretaceous Paleogeographic Evolution and Sequence-stratigraphic Framework of the Northwest Gulf of Mexico Rim", The Western Gulf of Mexico Basin: Tectonics,Sedimentary Basins, and Petroleum Systems, Claudio Bartolini, Richard T. Buffler, Abelardo Cantú-Chapa
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The area of northern Mexico and Texas combines elements from two different tectono-stratigraphic provinces—(a) the Gulf of Mexico province (GOM province), located along the northwest rim of the present-day Gulf of Mexico in northeast Mexico and south Texas, and (b) the western Pacific Mexico province (WPM province), located in northwest Mexico and west Texas—and thereby enables one to compare and contrast Gulf of Mexico-driven versus Pacific-driven tectonostratigraphic processes. The area addressed in this paper (that is, the northwest rim of the Gulf of Mexico) contains elements related to both Gulf of Mexico passive-margin development (principally the stratigraphy) and to the Pacific-related convergent margin (arc) tectonism (chiefly the structure). The emphasis in the paper is on the GOM province, with particular reference made to the Sierra Madre Oriental region in the vicinity of the cities of Monterrey and Saltillo, in northeast Mexico.
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Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the main compound identified as affecting the stability of the Earth's climate. A significant reduction in the volume of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere is a key mechanism for mitigating climate change. Geological storage of CO 2, or the injection and long-term stabilization of large volumes of CO 2 in the subsurface in saline aquifers, in existing hydrocarbon reservoirs or in unmineable coal seams, is one of the more technologically advanced options available. A number of studies have been carried out and are reported here. They are aimed at understanding the safety, physical and chemical behaviour and long-term fate of CO 2 when stored in geological formations. Until efficient, alternative energy options can be developed, geological storage of CO 2, the subject of this volume, provides a mechanism to reduce carbon emissions significantly whilst continuing to meet the global demand for energy.