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In Chapter 1, a number of important definitions related to the key concepts for 3C seismic and VSP applications important for their acquisition, processing, and interpretation are provided. Included are the basic concepts of elastic waves (P- and S-waves), anisotropy, and the rock physics behind using these tools together in seismic exploration. Also, the applications that have motivated us to acquire S-waves are discussed and a brief overview of the challenges faced in learning how to use PS-waves and VSPs in a cost-effective manner are described.

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