Basin fragmentation controlled by tectonic inversion and basement uplift in Sierras Pampeanas and Santa Bárbara System, northwest Argentina
Diego Nicolas Iaffa, F. Sàbat, J. A. Muñoz, N. Carrera, 2013. "Basin fragmentation controlled by tectonic inversion and basement uplift in Sierras Pampeanas and Santa Bárbara System, northwest Argentina", Thick-Skin-Dominated Orogens: From Initial Inversion to Full Accretion, M. Nemčok, A. Mora, J. W. Cosgrove
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The study area is located within the Central Andes, a complex region composed of different structural styles. The region is characterized by highly elevated basement cored ranges, which abruptly break the foreland plain. These ranges were uplifted mainly by deep detached high-angle faults or by the inversion of former extensional faults of the Cretaceous rift. Palaeozoic orogenies generated crustal scale discontinuities in the basement, some of them reactivated during the Andean orogeny. Sedimentary sequences and layers architecture in the basins bordering ranges recorded the tectonic evolution of the region. Basement, syn–rift, post-rift and three foreland stages were interpreted in the seismic sections according to the arrangement of the horizons and the main outcropping geological units in bordering ranges. Based on seismic data sets and field data, here we document a particular style of activation of basement faults. Thick-skinned structures that are not always related to the tectonic inversion but to the reactivation of older basement anisotropies represent a paradox since they were not active during the rifting stage. A flat slab subduction and a subsequent angle recovery conditioned the structural evolution of the area.
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Thick-Skin-Dominated Orogens: From Initial Inversion to Full Accretion
This volume studies the driving dynamic for thick-skin tectonics. It evaluates the role of various factors that control the development of thick-skin architecture. The studied driving dynamics include individual plate movement rates, overall convergence rates, orogen movement sense with respect to mantle flow and pro-wedge versus retro-wedge location. Numerous internal factors that influence the architecture of thick-skinned dominated orogens have been considered. These include the role of the rheology of the deforming layers, the presence or absence of potential detachment horizons, basement buttresses, crustal thickness variations, inherited strength contrasts and the impact of pre-existing anisotropy in thick-skin orogenic deformation. External factors discussed include the role of both syn-tectonic erosion and deposition in deformation.
The study areas begin with worldwide examples and close with a detailed coverage of the Northern Andes natural laboratory, which is characterized by particularly robust data coverage.