Stratigraphy and geological evolution of the Lipari volcanic complex (central Aeolian archipelago)
F. Forni, F. Lucchi, A. Peccerillo, C. A. Tranne, P. L. Rossi, M. L. Frezzotti, 2013. "Stratigraphy and geological evolution of the Lipari volcanic complex (central Aeolian archipelago)", The Aeolian Islands Volcanoes, F. Lucchi, A. Peccerillo, J. Keller, C. A. Tranne, P. L. Rossi
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The Lipari volcanic complex, situated in the central Aeolian sector, was constructed between c. 267 ka and medieval ages by various lava flows, scoriaceous deposits, lava domes (coulees) and pyroclastic products related to hydromagmatic and strombolian activities. The eruptive history of Lipari is described by nine Epochs of activity interrupted by dormant periods, volcano-tectonic phases and episodes of terrace formation during the Last Interglacial. Several partially overlapping volcanic edifices were active through time, mostly under control of the NNW–SSE and north–south (minor east–west) regional tectonic trends. The latest eruptive events of M. Pilato and Rocche Rosse occurred from AD 776 to 1220. Lipari rocks range from calc-alkaline basaltic andesites to rhyolites, with silicic rocks dominating during the last 43 ka. There is a clear increase in K2O and incompatible elements with time, with distinct trends for mafic-intermediate and silicic rocks. Sr, Nd and Pb isotope ratios are highly variable. Petrographic and geochemical data suggest AFC (assimilation plus fractional crystallization) and mixing as the main magma evolution processes, with important effects of crustal anatexis, in the context of a polybaric feeding system.
The 10 000 scale geological map of Lipari is included on the DVD in the printed book and can also be accessed online at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/Memoir37-electronic. Also included is a full geochemical data set for Lipari.