Guido Ventura, 2013. "Kinematics of the Aeolian volcanism (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea) from geophysical and geological data", The Aeolian Islands Volcanoes, F. Lucchi, A. Peccerillo, J. Keller, C. A. Tranne, P. L. Rossi
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The Aeolian volcanism (c. 1 Ma active) develops within the Africa–Eurasia convergence setting, which is characterized by the subduction of the Ionian plate below the Calabrian Arc. Deep earthquakes occur to the east of a tear fault that divides the Aeolian Islands into two sectors: (a) an eastern sector characterized by active volcanism, reduced crustal thickness, high seismic flux, low P-wave velocity (Vp) and attenuation (Qp) and NE–SW extension; (b) a western sector where a NNW–SSE compressive strain along a WNW–ESE-striking fault system is acting. The geophysical and structural features of the eastern sector are consistent with upwelling and SE migration of the asthenospheric mantle. The extensional and strike-slip strain allow the magma to upraise along dyke-like conduits and to erupt. Earthquake-induced strain changes may trigger volcanic eruptions and degassing episodes. The oldest volcanism (Pliocene–Early Pleistocene) was controlled by a WNW–ESE-striking tear fault related to the SE rollback of the slab. A new tear, the Tindari–Letojanni Fault System, started during the Middle–Late Pleistocene and represents the active western boundary of the subducting slab. The present-day Aeolian volcanism is associated with rifting processes developing within an arc collision zone.
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The Aeolian Islands form one of the most active geological structures in the Mediterranean area, comprising a number of active (Stromboli and Vulcano) and dormant (Panarea and Lipari) volcanoes. They have attracted the attention of scientists in modern and historical times and are the cradle of the scientific discipline of volcanology.
This Memoir provides information on geological features of the Aeolian Islands volcanoes at a regional scale and for each island. The stratigraphy, structural evolution, eruptive and magmatic history of the Islands is presented, along with the geodynamic setting of the Aeolian volcanism and implications for magma origin and evolution processes. Particular focus is given to the active and dormant volcanoes and the related natural hazards.
It includes new 1:10 000-scale geological maps of the Aeolian Islands and bathymetric maps of sectors of the Aeolian archipelago, together with an extended dataset of rock compositions.