Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility and sedimentary cycle data from Permo-Carboniferous rhythmites (Paraná Basin, Brazil): a multiple proxy record of astronomical and millennial scale palaeoclimate change in a glacial setting
Daniel R. Franco, Linda A. Hinnov, 2013. "Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility and sedimentary cycle data from Permo-Carboniferous rhythmites (Paraná Basin, Brazil): a multiple proxy record of astronomical and millennial scale palaeoclimate change in a glacial setting", Magnetic Methods and the Timing of Geological Processes, L. Jovane, E. Herrero-Bervera, L.A. Hinnov, B. Housen
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In this study we examine glaciogenic rhythmites from the Late Palaeozoic Itararé Group, Paraná Basin, Brazil. We conduct spectral analysis on lithological cycle (‘couplet’) thickness series, and declination of maximum axis of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility ellipsoidal tensor (K1) data. We tested the efficiency of K1 as a palaeoclimatic proxy. To constrain the timescale of harmonic features in the data, we analysed the couplet thickness spectra, converting the spectra to the time domain using an astronomical calibration based on Milankovitch frequency ratios. Comparison of the two rhythmites provides insights into their sedimentation rate evolution and cyclicity. Millennial-scale mechanisms of climatic origin influenced the deposition of both rhythmites, generating the lithological couplets, and are consistent with millennial-scale variations recognized as triggers for large-scale climatic changes during the Late Pleistocene. The common harmonic features in the couplet thickness and K1 spectra support the view that the azimuth of the K1 axis in sedimentary fabric is a useful palaeoclimatic proxy, reflecting sedimentation processes that were directly influenced by flow-induced, sediment transport, which is linked to external climate factors.
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Magnetostratigraphy is best known as a technique that employs correlation among different stratigraphic sections using the magnetic directions defining geomagnetic polarity reversals as marker horizons. The ages of the polarity reversals provide common tie points among the sections, allowing accurate time correlation. Recently, studies of magnetic methods and the timing of geological processes have acquired a broader meaning, now referring to many types of magnetic measurements within a stratigraphic sequence. Many of these measurements provide correlation and age control not only for the older and younger boundaries of a polarity interval, but also within intervals. Thus, magnetostratigraphy no longer represents a dating tool based only on geomagnetic polarity reversals, but comprises a set of techniques that includes measurements of geomagnetic field parameters, environmental magnetism, rock-magnetic properties, radiometric dating and astronomically forced palaeoclimatic change recorded in sedimentary rocks, and key corrections to magnetic directions related to geodynamics, palaeocurrents, tectonics and diagenetic processes.