On the directional geomagnetic signature of the Pringle Falls excursion recorded at Pringle Falls, Oregon, USA
Emilio Herrero-Bervera, Edgardo Cañón-Tapia, 2013. "On the directional geomagnetic signature of the Pringle Falls excursion recorded at Pringle Falls, Oregon, USA", Magnetic Methods and the Timing of Geological Processes, L. Jovane, E. Herrero-Bervera, L.A. Hinnov, B. Housen
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We studied the detailed characteristics of the Pringle Falls excursion from samples at the original site recovered from four profiles drilled along the Deschutes River, Oregon. We drilled 827 samples spaced along 5 km for their detailed directional study. The profiles registered a high-resolution (>10 cm/ka) palaeomagnetic record of the excursion (c. 211±13 ka) recorded by diatomaceous lacustrine sediments. We conducted palaeomagnetic and rock magnetic studies to investigate the reproducibility of the signal throughout the profiles. We performed low-field susceptibility v. temperature analysis that indicated that the main magnetic carrier is pure magnetite (Curie point 575 °C). The magnetic grain size also indicated single domain–multi domain (SD–MD) magnetite. The demagnetization was performed by alternating field experiments and the mean directions were determined by principal component analyses. The detailed behaviour of the palaeosignal is highly consistent since they are rapidly deposited sediments providing a detailed representation of the palaeofield. The dissected virtual geomagnetic pole paths in three different phases are highly internally consistent and are defined by clockwise and anticlockwise loops travelling from high northern latitudes over eastern North America and the North Atlantic to South America and then to high southern latitudes; then they return to high northern latitudes through the Pacific and over to Kamchatka.
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Magnetostratigraphy is best known as a technique that employs correlation among different stratigraphic sections using the magnetic directions defining geomagnetic polarity reversals as marker horizons. The ages of the polarity reversals provide common tie points among the sections, allowing accurate time correlation. Recently, studies of magnetic methods and the timing of geological processes have acquired a broader meaning, now referring to many types of magnetic measurements within a stratigraphic sequence. Many of these measurements provide correlation and age control not only for the older and younger boundaries of a polarity interval, but also within intervals. Thus, magnetostratigraphy no longer represents a dating tool based only on geomagnetic polarity reversals, but comprises a set of techniques that includes measurements of geomagnetic field parameters, environmental magnetism, rock-magnetic properties, radiometric dating and astronomically forced palaeoclimatic change recorded in sedimentary rocks, and key corrections to magnetic directions related to geodynamics, palaeocurrents, tectonics and diagenetic processes.