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Pb and Sr Isotopic Mapping of Crustal Structure in the Northern Great Basin

By
J.L. Wooden
J.L. Wooden
MS937, USGS, 345 Middlefield Rd., Menlo Park, CA 94025
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R.M. Tosdal
R.M. Tosdal
MS937, USGS, 345 Middlefield Rd., Menlo Park, CA 94025
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R.W. Kistler
R.W. Kistler
MS937, USGS, 345 Middlefield Rd., Menlo Park, CA 94025
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Published:
January 01, 1997

Abstract

Two subparallel NNW-to NW-trending mineral belts in Nevada, the Battle Mountain-Eureka trend on the SW and the Carlin trend on the NE, are thought to reflect deep-seated, pre-Cenozoic crustal structures. These structures may be pre-Cenozoic faults, Mesozoic and/or Paleozoic fold axes, or uncertain features of the Precambian basement. Both geophysical and geochemical/isotopic studies can be used to complement field based geologic studies of these features. Geophysical studies measure time-integrated physical parameters and attempt to distinguish younger from older features. Isotopie studies have the advantage of investigating time-related features by comparing the isotopie compositions of rocks formed at different times during the geologic history of a region for systematic or significant changes or lack there of. The isotopie signatures of igneous rocks largely reflect the average characteristics of their source regions plus any later interaction with the crustal column through which they moved or into which they were emplaced, and in general reflect lower and middle crustal features. Kistler and Peterman (1973, 1978) and Kistler (1983, 1991) demonstrated that the distribution of Sr isotopie compositions of granitoid rocks in the northern Great Basin delineate crustal structure, particularly the location of the continental-oceanic crustal boundary as marked by the Isr = 0.706 line. Ellison et al. (1990) showed that the Isr=0.706 Ime is correlated with Paleozoic stratigraphy. Farmer and DePaolo (1983, 1984) used combined Nd and Sr isotopie compositions of Great Basin granitoids to study the pedogenesis of these rocks and regional crustal structure; however, these pioneering studies are limited by the

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Contents

Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series

Carlin-Type Gold Deposits Field Conference

Peter Vikre
Peter Vikre
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Tommy B. Thompson
Tommy B. Thompson
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Keith Bettles
Keith Bettles
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Odin Christensen
Odin Christensen
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Ron Parratt
Ron Parratt
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Society of Economic Geologists
Volume
28
ISBN electronic:
9781934969816
Publication date:
January 01, 1997

GeoRef

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