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The first part of the excursion is mainly concentrated on the western lava field of the 1914 eruption, which was the latest big eruption in historic time. The surface texture of the lava field is quite variable, from typical block lava to a broken pyroclastic flow. The route follows along the southern coast of Sakurajima to the second stop, which is a good vantage point from which to observe the lava flows of 1914 and 1946. Should our visit coincide with an active period, we will experience a shower of volcanic ash. upon passing through the road junction between Sakurajima and osumi Peninsula, the route turns northward. From stop 5-3 we can look at the different features of two volcanic edifices, Kitadake and Minamidake. At stop 5-4 we will see the buried “Torii,” a shrine “gate.” After that the route follows along the coast counterclockwise to the starting point. Along the way, we will be able to see new islands that appeared during An-ei eruption (1779-1781), the steep wall of Aira caldera, and Kirishima volcanoes far off to the north (see Day 5 route map).

Driving distance, 49.2 km; driving time, 3.0 hours (including stops); starting time, 8:00 am; assembly point, entrance of the hotel; leader, Tetsuo Kobayashi.

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