Roadlog for Field Trip: Three-Dimensional Structural Geometries of the Colorado River Extensional Terrane and Their Regional Exploration Implications
Eric G. Frost, Thomas L. Heidrick, 1996. "Roadlog for Field Trip: Three-Dimensional Structural Geometries of the Colorado River Extensional Terrane and Their Regional Exploration Implications", Tertiary Extension and Mineral Deposits, Southwestern U.S., William A. Rehrig, James J. Hardy
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Starting in Las Vegas, we will traverse through many of the geometric elements and complexities of hanging wall deformation above the regional detachment systems of the Colorado River extensional terrane. We will study the interaction of normal faults as arranged in regional, crustal-scale mega-domains and the bounding structures that separate these tilt domains. As we progress through the classic Eldorado Mountains-Hoover Dam region, where many of the ideas of listric normal faulting were first popularized, we will see both the real rocks and the historic rationale for their deformation. By examining the listric versus domino models for normal faulting, we will utilize different geometric techniques for determining the depth to the detachment structures and percent extension. Continuing further south toward southernmost Nevada, we will cross the accommodation zone that separates the Lake Mead and Whipple dip domains and further descend to deeper structural levels to examine lower levels of the major normal faults and their tilting of upper-crustal blocks and associated offset along the regional detachment faults. Fluid flow within the shattered fault zones and its relationship to the 3-D geometries of the fault surfaces will be studied both along the faults and within the hydrothermally altered and mineralized wallrocks.