Major Lithologies of The Battle Zone, Buttle Lake Camp, Central Vancouver Island (92F/12E)
Michelle Robinson, Colin I. Godwin, Stephen J. Juras, 1994. "Major Lithologies of The Battle Zone, Buttle Lake Camp, Central Vancouver Island (92F/12E)", Selected Mineral Deposits of British Columbia, Canada: I. Porphyry Ore Deposits Of Southern British Columbia II. Mineral Deposits Of Northern Vancouver Island, C.R. Stanley, W.J. McMillan, Andre Panteleyev
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The Buttle Lake mining camp (49°34ʹ north, 125°36ʹ west) is located in Strathcona Park near the south end of Buttle Lake, 90 kilometres southwest of Campbell River, British Columbia (Figure 25). It is a major volcanogenic massive sulphide district hosted by the Myra formation of the Paleozoic Sicker Group. Past production has come from several mines: Lynx open pit, Lynx underground mine, Myra open pit and H-W underground mine. The Price deposit, discovered early in the history of the camp, has received sporadic work but has not been mined. Current production is from H-W mine, however, ore from the recently discovered Battle and Gap zones will be mined in late 1993. Between 1966 and 1992, 13.8 million tonnes of ore grading 1.9% copper, 5.6% zinc, 0.6% lead, 2.2 grams per tonne gold and 64.0 grams per tonne silver had been mined from the camp (Westmin Annual Report, 1992). Of this, 7.5 million tonnes are from H-W, 5.3 million tonnes are from Lynx and 1.0 million tonnes are from Myra mine. Geological reserves as of 1992 are in Table 1 and total more than 12 million tonnes. Exploration within the camp has also defined several new prospective zones. These are: Trumpeter, Ridge and the Main Zone Extension (Figure 25).
Figures & Tables
Selected Mineral Deposits of British Columbia, Canada: I. Porphyry Ore Deposits Of Southern British Columbia II. Mineral Deposits Of Northern Vancouver Island
km 0 Depart from the Delta Town and Country Inn. Zero your odometer at the Inn. Turn right onto River Road (Highway # 17). Cross the overpass and take the freeway on-ramp onto Highway # 99 south toward Seattle.
km 8 Take Exit # 20 (Highway # 10) east toward Langley and Hope. The road climbs a hill from the Fraser River delta late Holocene (< 8000 years before present) Salish Sediments (shoreline sand and clayey silt; river gravel, sand, silt and clay; peat bogs and swamps) through Pleistocene Vashon Drift (Fraser Glaciation) and pre-Vashon deposits from the Olympia and Highbury non-glacial intervals and the Semiahmoo and Westlynn Glaciations (tills, glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine, glaciomarine and deltaic sediments), onto early Holocene (10,000 to 8000 years before present) glacial retreat and melt-out deposits of the Sumas Drift, Ft. Langley Formation and Capilano Sediments (Armstrong, 1990).
Lacustrine (principally oxbow lake) environments of these units near Maple Ridge, British Columbia are the only good local source of fire clay. These are valuable deposits because of their low Ca concentrations, relative to Na and K, and true clay mineralogy. Other clay deposits within British Columbia are predominantly glacial, and thus generally contain only un-weathered clay-sized particles instead of clay minerals. Furthermore, the overall quartz diorite composition of the country rocks that underlie the Fraser River drainage basin generally results in Ca-rich bricks which form a generally undesirable white precipitate over time.
km 32 Highway# 10 turns left toward Fort Langley.
km 36 Highway # 10 turns right.
km39 Turn right onto Highway # 1 (the Trans-Canada Freeway) toward Hope. This freeway crosses the ‘Lower Mainland’, the agriculturally important Fraser River delta (here consisting predominantly of Ft. Langley Formation glacial and deltaic sediments; Armstrong, 1990), which narrows to a significant defile at the town of Hope.
Km 51 In clear weather, Mt. Baker (3285 m), a Cascade andesite stratovolcano is in view directly ahead. This most-northerly United States Cascade volcano last erupted in 1843 during the waning stages of its third cycle of volcanism (approximately 50, 31–34 and 17 million years ago). It is now considered to be dormant, although minor fumarolic activity has occurred within and immediately adjacent to its 90 m wide summit crater since 1975 (Armstrong, 1990). Mt. Baker is considered to be a ‘coherent’ Cascade volcano (McBimey, 1968), meaning that it is dominated by relatively quiescent andesitic lava and phreatic ash eruptions, without