Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Diatremes And Breccia Pipes Of The Northern Black Hills, South Dakota-Wyoming

By
Alvis L. Lisenbee
Alvis L. Lisenbee
Department of Geology and Geological Engineering South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701
Search for other works by this author on:
William M. Roggenthen
William M. Roggenthen
Department of Geology and Geological Engineering South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 1990

Abstract

Hundreds of dikes, sills, laccoliths, and stocks were emplaced within the crystalline Precambrian basement and the overlying Phanerozoic strata of the Black Hills uplift during the Paleocene and early Eocene. The great volume of plutons was sufficient to swell the basement forming the Bear Lodge, Tinton, and Lead-Deadwood domes (Fig. 1) and produced laccolithic clusters in the Phanerozoic section, such as those of the Black Buttes, Vanocker, Gilt Edge, and Theodore Roosevelt complexes. Individual plutons, such as Bear Butte and Devils Tower, are abundant outside the larger complexes. The alkalic igneous rock suite includes rhyolite, quartz latite, trachyte, and phonolite. Associated with the plutons are numerous bodies of breccia including diatremes, breccia pipes and intrusion breccias. These fragmental rocks are the theme of this paper.

There appear to be distinguishing internal features as well as differing spatial distribution between the intrusion breccias, breccia pipes and diatremes. For the purposes of distinguishing amongst them the following criteria are proposed.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series

Metallogeny of Gold in the Black Hills, South Dakota

Colin J. Paterson
Colin J. Paterson
Search for other works by this author on:
Alvis L. Lisenbee
Alvis L. Lisenbee
Search for other works by this author on:
Tommy B. Thompson
Tommy B. Thompson
Search for other works by this author on:
Society of Economic Geologists
Volume
7
ISBN electronic:
9781934969601
Publication date:
January 01, 1990

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal