Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Fluid Flow and Genesis of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits

By
L. M. Cathles
L. M. Cathles
Department of Geosciences, The Pennsylvania State University,
University Park, Pennsylvania 16802
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 1981

Abstract

Hydrothermal ore deposits are formed when metal components precipitate from migrating solutions. The causes of fluid movement are reviewed for several deposit settings: hydrothermal circulation near a mid-ocean ridge spreading center (Cyprus-type massive sulfide deposits), convection associated with intrusives in an island-arc or continental setting (geothermal systems, porphyry copper and uranium vein deposits), and the stratafugic flow of pore fluids from compacting basins (Mississippi Pb-Zn and certain types of sedimentary copper deposits). Attention is focused particularly on the amount of fluid flow that can be produced by various mechanisms, the length of time such flow can persist, the aspects of fluid flow that have practical exploration significance, and the insights fluid flow models provide for deposit genesis. Simple analytic expressions are derived and a diagram is constructed that allow easy estimation of the time required for an instrusion to cool and the amount and rate of hydrothermal circulation produced in the process. Theoretical and field studies are reviewed to obtain an upper bound on the bulk fluid-rock mass ratio produced by natural convective systems. Areas are identified where further work is needed.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Economic Geology Publishing Company

Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Volume

Brian J. Skinner
Brian J. Skinner
Search for other works by this author on:
Society of Economic Geologists
ISBN electronic:
9781934969533
Publication date:
January 01, 1981

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal