Engineering geology model for seismic vulnerability assessment of critical infrastructures
Published:January 01, 2016
S. Fabbrocino, P. Paduano, G. Lanzano, G. Forte, F. Santucci de Magistris, G. Fabbrocino, 2016. "Engineering geology model for seismic vulnerability assessment of critical infrastructures", Developments in Engineering Geology, M. J. Eggers, J. S. Griffiths, S. Parry, M. G. Culshaw
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The development of reliable subsoil models is one of the key points for the assessment of the seismic performance of existing strategic infrastructures, especially in many European countries where the seismic hazard varies from moderate to high. The strategic infrastructures are structures and components which have a crucial role in the social and economic development of a modern country, and include lifelines and industrial plants. Lifelines frequently have a linear development and can be affected by very heterogeneous and complex geological setting. Industrial plants, on the other hand, frequently treat toxic and flammable materials. This paper deals with the definition of an effective geological and geotechnical three-dimensional model of the Biferno River coastal plain in the Molise region (Italy) as a key for a quantitative assessment of real performances of strategic infrastructures. Some remarks on the site seismic vulnerability and on the regional and local geological, geomorphological and hydrogeological conditions are given. The key objective of the seismic vulnerability assessment is discussed in relation to the spatial variability of the geological and geotechnical characteristics.
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Developments in Engineering Geology
Developments in Engineering Geology is a showcase of the diversity in the science and practice of engineering geology. All branches of geology are applicable to solving engineering problems and this presents a wide frontier of scientific opportunity to engineering geology. In practice, diversity represents a different set of challenges with the distinctive character of the profession derived from the crossover between the disciplines of geology and engineering. This book emphasizes the importance of understanding the geological science behind the engineering behaviour of a soil or rock. It also highlights a continuing expansion in the practice areas of engineering geology and illustrates how this is opening new frontiers to the profession thereby introducing new knowledge and technology across a range of applications. This is initiating an evolution in the way geology is modelled in engineering, geohazard and environmental studies in modern and traditional areas of engineering geology.