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Interparticle Forces in Clay Suspensions: Flocculation, Viscous Flow and Swelling

By
Philip F. Low
Philip F. Low
Agronomy Department Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN 47907
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Published:
January 01, 1992

Abstract

Forces between clay particles influence many industrial, geological, geotechnical and pedological processes. They include the van der Waals' force, the Coulomb force, the Born force, the double-layer force and the hydration or structural force. General discussions of these forces have been published by Verwey and Overbeek (1948), Derjaguin et al. (1987), Israelachvili (1974), Ninham (1981, 1985) and, elsewhere in this volume, by Güven. Therefore, the author will not discuss them further but will focus his attention on the roles they play in the processes of flocculation, viscous flow and swelling. Swelling will get the most emphasis because of the author's special interest in it. In particular, an attempt will be made to assess the relative contributions of double-layer and hydration forces to the swelling pressure and, thereby, facilitate the resolution of a long-standing controversy.

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Contents

Clay Minerals Society Workshop Lectures

Clay-Water Interface and its Rheological Implications

P. F. Low
P. F. Low
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J. K. Mitchell
J. K. Mitchell
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G. Sposito
G. Sposito
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H. van Olphen
H. van Olphen
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N. Güven
N. Güven
Department of geosciences texas tech university lubbock, texas 79409
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R. M. Pollastro
R. M. Pollastro
U.S.G.S. - oil & gas denver federal center box 25046, ms 960 denver, colorado 80225
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Clay Minerals Society
Volume
4
ISBN electronic:
9781881208242
Publication date:
January 01, 1992

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