Reconstruction of inverted sedimentary basins from syn-tectonic remagnetizations. A methodological proposal
Juan J. Villalaín, Antonio M. Casas-Sainz, Ruth Soto, 2016. "Reconstruction of inverted sedimentary basins from syn-tectonic remagnetizations. A methodological proposal", Palaeomagnetism in Fold and Thrust Belts: New Perspectives, E. L. Pueyo, F. Cifelli, A. J. Sussman, B. Oliva-Urcia
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Syn-tectonic remagnetizations related to burial processes that occurred during their extensional stage are frequently recognized in inverted sedimentary basins. The incremental fold test is the main analytical tool used to detect these syn-tectonic remagnetizations. However this test gives spurious results when asymmetrical folding occurs (i.e. both limbs were not tilted simultaneously at the same rate). Asymmetrical folding is very common in sedimentary basins, especially at their margins, during the basinal stage and subsequent tectonic inversion. To correctly analyse syn-tectonic remagnetizations in these scenarios, we propose a method to restore palaeomagnetic vectors, which allows determining the tilting of beds at the remagnetization stage and therefore gives some hints on the geometry of sedimentary basins and/or folds at the overprint acquisition time. In this paper we consider the analysis of syn-tectonic remagnetization directions for basin reconstruction in two end-member basin models (i.e. syncline vs roll-over geometry). Finally, we compare the results obtained with several northern Iberian examples (Cameros basin in the Iberian Chain, Cabuérniga and Polientes Basin in the Pyrenées), formed during the Mesozoic as extensional basins and subsequently inverted during the Cenozoic compression. From these examples we propose generalizations for the application of syn-tectonic remagnetizations to constrain the geometry of sedimentary basins.