Palaeomagnetic data from the Precordillera fold and thrust belt constraining Neogene foreland evolution of the Pampean flat-slab segment (Central Andes, Argentina)
Maria S. Japas, Guillermo H. Ré, Sebastián Oriolo, Juan F. Vilas, 2016. "Palaeomagnetic data from the Precordillera fold and thrust belt constraining Neogene foreland evolution of the Pampean flat-slab segment (Central Andes, Argentina)", Palaeomagnetism in Fold and Thrust Belts: New Perspectives, E. L. Pueyo, F. Cifelli, A. J. Sussman, B. Oliva-Urcia
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Available and new palaeomagnetic data reveal transpressional deformation in the Argentine Precordillera fold and thrust belt contemporaneous with Juan Fernández ridge subduction. Localized changes in the orientation of palaeomagnetic directions indicate a vertical axis rotation pattern linked to local, oblique brittle-ductile shear zones that overprint the regional structure. The nearly homogeneous clockwise block rotation pattern from Western-Central Precordillera shows localized rotation nulls along NNW-trending left-lateral oblique belts, revealing that overprinting anticlockwise tectonic rotations could have balanced previous clockwise rotations. Conversely, clockwise rotations in Eastern Precordillera are only localized in the vicinity of these NNW-trending structures, and are controlled by rigid block rotations linked to basement-involved deformation.These results combined with available regional palaeomagnetic data in the forearc would indicate a regional bending of the upper plate margin between 27° S and 33° S that seems to be related to the subduction of the Juan Fernández aseismic ridge.
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Palaeomagnetism is a technique used to understand complex deformation patterns in fold-and-thrust belts; it can be used to characterize the distribution, magnitude and timing of vertical axis rotations, an elusive variable using other methods. A combination of palaeomagnetic and structural geology analyses has helped to unravel the geometry and kinematics of fold-and-thrust belts around the world and of different geological ages for more than 50 years. This volume comprises three sections: the first shows thorough overviews of western Mediterranean arcs and the western Carpathians; the second depicts several examples from the Andes, the Alps, Anatolia, Pyrenees, Iberian Ranges and the Atlas; and the third shows the latest research on the use of palaeomagnetism to understand fold-and-thrust belts in 3D and 4D in a more quantitative way and it also includes some methodological proposals to avoid common errors. In the papers of the first two sections, the combination of palaeomagnetic analyses with structural data, AMS or magnetostratigraphic analyses demonstrate the usefulness of palaeomagnetism in deciphering complex deformation patterns in fold-and-thrust belts.