Palaeomagnetism and U–Pb geochronology of c. 1570 Ma intrusives from Åland archipelago, SW Finland – implications for Nuna
Published:January 01, 2016
Johanna M. Salminen, Robert Klein, Satu Mertanen, Lauri J. Pesonen, Sören Fröjdö, Irmeli Mänttäri, Olav Eklund, 2016. "Palaeomagnetism and U–Pb geochronology of c. 1570 Ma intrusives from Åland archipelago, SW Finland – implications for Nuna", Supercontinent Cycles Through Earth History, Z. X. Li, D. A. D. Evans, J. B. Murphy
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We report new palaeomagnetic and isotope age data of Early Mesoproterozoic (i.e. Subjotnian) intrusions from the Åland archipelago, SW Finland. The palaeomagnetic results reveal dual-polarity magnetizations with a pronounced reversal asymmetry occurring in dykes. We explain the asymmetry by an unremoved secondary component, which is affecting more N-polarity dykes. Other explanations, such as the age difference of magnetization between normal and reversed polarity dykes, are discussed. The primary nature of magnetization in dykes for both normal (N) and reversed (R) groups is verified by positive baked contact tests. A dyke showing reversed polarity from Korsö is dated 1575.9±3.0 Ma (U–Pb) in this study. This and previous U–Pb data tighten the magmatic activity in Åland to 1580–1570 Ma. We combined new palaeomagnetic data with those from earlier studies to provide a new key-palaeomagnetic pole for Baltica. Our data positions Baltica on equatorial latitudes, supporting the NENA (North Europe–North America) connection between Baltica and Laurentia at 1.59–1.58 Ga. Palaeomagnetic data support that NENA was valid at 1.75, 1.58, 1.46, and 1.26 Ga, forming the core of Mesoproterozoic Nuna (a.k.a. Columbia) supercontinent.
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Supercontinent Cycles Through Earth History
The supercontinent-cycle hypothesis attributes planetary-scale episodic tectonic events to an intrinsic self-organizing mode of mantle convection, governed by the buoyancy of continental lithosphere that resists subduction during the closure of old ocean basins, and the consequent reorganization of mantle convection cells leading to the opening of new ocean basins. Characteristic timescales of the cycle are typically 500 to 700 million years. Proposed spatial patterns of cyclicity range from hemispheric (introversion) to antipodal (extroversion), to precisely between those end members (orthoversion). Advances in our understanding can arise from theoretical or numerical modelling, primary data acquisition relevant to continental reconstructions, and spatiotemporal correlations between plate kinematics, geodynamic events and palaeoenvironmental history. The palaeogeographic record of supercontinental tectonics on Earth is still under development. The contributions in this Special Publication provide snapshots in time of these investigations and indicate that Earth’s palaeogeographic record incorporates elements of all three end-member spatial patterns.