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Abstract

Conodont biofacies of the Lublin and Łysogóry–Radom basins in SE Poland have been analysed in five cored borehole sections in a narrow interval of the middle Givetian Polygnathus ansatus Zone, corresponding to the global Taghanic transgression. Assemblages exhibiting various proportions of dominant genera, Icriodus (I) and Polygnathus (P), as well as particular P species and a few accessory taxa, reflect both temporal transgression dynamics and lateral facies changes. The latter comprise transition from a brackish lagoon with intermittent open-marine influence, to a carbonate shoal and offshore marly shelf, generally characterized by P–I biofacies, but with a varying proportion of constituent genera and polygnathid species. Comparison of the Polish record with stratigraphically well-constrained, quantitative biofacies evidence worldwide allowed the construction of a 2D nearshore–offshore model for the Euramerican epicontinental faunas connected with Taghanic transgressive facies. The I/P ratio has a diagnostic value for specific sub-environments (very nearshore/shallow-water and drowned platform) but for other settings the Polygnathus ansatus to Polygnathus linguiformis ratio appears more useful. The Moroccan faunas display specific biofacies patterns tentatively explained by different climatic conditions. The conodont biofacies concept has a limited application for palaeogeographically isolated settings, including pelagic-oceanic areas of microcontinents or submarine rises. In other cases (Eastern Australia), palaeobiogeographical bias precludes direct comparisons with the Euramerican model.

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