Conodont biofacies of the Taghanic transgressive interval (middle Givetian): Polish record and global comparisons
Published:January 01, 2016
K. Narkiewicz, M. Narkiewicz, P. Bultynck, 2016. "Conodont biofacies of the Taghanic transgressive interval (middle Givetian): Polish record and global comparisons", Devonian Climate, Sea Level and Evolutionary Events, R. T. Becker, P. Königshof, C. E. Brett
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Conodont biofacies of the Lublin and Łysogóry–Radom basins in SE Poland have been analysed in five cored borehole sections in a narrow interval of the middle Givetian Polygnathus ansatus Zone, corresponding to the global Taghanic transgression. Assemblages exhibiting various proportions of dominant genera, Icriodus (I) and Polygnathus (P), as well as particular P species and a few accessory taxa, reflect both temporal transgression dynamics and lateral facies changes. The latter comprise transition from a brackish lagoon with intermittent open-marine influence, to a carbonate shoal and offshore marly shelf, generally characterized by P–I biofacies, but with a varying proportion of constituent genera and polygnathid species. Comparison of the Polish record with stratigraphically well-constrained, quantitative biofacies evidence worldwide allowed the construction of a 2D nearshore–offshore model for the Euramerican epicontinental faunas connected with Taghanic transgressive facies. The I/P ratio has a diagnostic value for specific sub-environments (very nearshore/shallow-water and drowned platform) but for other settings the Polygnathus ansatus to Polygnathus linguiformis ratio appears more useful. The Moroccan faunas display specific biofacies patterns tentatively explained by different climatic conditions. The conodont biofacies concept has a limited application for palaeogeographically isolated settings, including pelagic-oceanic areas of microcontinents or submarine rises. In other cases (Eastern Australia), palaeobiogeographical bias precludes direct comparisons with the Euramerican model.
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Devonian Climate, Sea Level and Evolutionary Events
The geological and palaeontological records of climate change and evolutionary events reflect Earth’s widely fluctuating climate systems. Past climates hold the clues to understanding future developments. In this context, research on linked climate, biodiversity and sea-level fluctuations of the Devonian contributes to the general knowledge of deep-time climate dynamics. A fruitful co-operation between the International Geoscience Programme IGCP 596 and the International Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy (SDS) addressed the complex succession of climate-linked Devonian global events of varying magnitude. The primary goal of IGCP 596 was to assess mid-Palaeozoic climate changes and their impact on marine and terrestrial biodiversity using an interdisciplinary approach. The focus of SDS includes a revision of the eustatic sea-level curve and the integration of refined chrono- and biostratigraphy with modern chemo-, magneto-, cyclo-, event- and sequence stratigraphy. This enabled the much improved dating and correlation of abiotic perturbations, evolutionary changes, organism and ecosystem ranges. Results by 37 authors are presented in 14 chapters, which cover the entire Devonian.