Provenance, timing of sedimentation and metamorphism of metasedimentary rock suites from the Southern Granulite Terrane, India
Published:January 01, 2015
Pulak Sengupta, Michael M. Raith, Ellen Kooijman, Moumita Talukdar, Priyadarshi Chowdhury, Sanjoy Sanyal, Klaus Mezger, Dhruba Mukhopadhyay, 2015. "Provenance, timing of sedimentation and metamorphism of metasedimentary rock suites from the Southern Granulite Terrane, India", Precambrian Basins of India: Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context, R. Mazumder, P. G. Eriksson
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The Southern Granulite Terrane of India exposes remnants of an interbanded sequence of orthoquartzite–metapelite–calcareous rocks across the enigmatic Palghat–Cauvery Shear Zone (PCSZ), which has been interpreted as a Pan-African terrane boundary representing the eastward extension of the Betsimisaraka Suture Zone of Madagascar. Zircon U–Pb geochronology of metasedimentary rocks from both sides of the PCSZ shows that the precursor sediments of these rocks were sourced from the Dharwar Craton and the adjoining parts of the Indian shield. The similarity of the provenance and the vestiges of Grenvillian-age orogenesis in some metasedimentary rocks contradict an interpretation that the PCSZ is a Pan-African terrane boundary. The lithological association and the likely basin formation age of the metasedimentary rocks of the Southern Granulite Terrane show remarkable similarity to the rock assemblage and timing of sedimentation of the Palaeoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic shallow-marine deposits of the Purana basins lying several hundred kilometres north of this terrane. Integrating the existing geological information, it is postulated that the shallow-marine sediments were deposited on a unified land-mass consisting of a large part of Madagascar and the Indian shield that existed before Neoproterozoic time, part of which was later involved in the Pan-African orogeny.
Details of the zircon U–Pb LA-MC-ICP-MS analyses of samples are available at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18793.
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Precambrian Basins of India: Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context
This Memoir provides a comprehensive review of the Precambrian basins of the four Archaean nuclei of India (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli-Bundelkhand), encompassing descriptions of the time–space distribution of sedimentary–volcanic successions, the interrelationship between tectonics and sedimentation, and basin histories. Studies of 22 basins within the framework of an international basin classification scheme deepen an understanding of the basin architecture especially for cratonic basins. Most Indian sedimentary successions formed as cratonic to extensional-margin rift and thermal-sag basins, some reflecting mantle plume movement, subcrustal heating or far-field stress. This Memoir shows that Phanerozoic plate-tectonic and sequence stratigraphic principles can be applied to the Precambrian basins of large Archaean provinces. The differences between the stratigraphic architecture of the Indian Precambrian and examples of Phanerozoic basin-fill successions elsewhere are ascribed to variable rates and intensities of the controls on accommodation and sediment supply, and changes inherent in the evolution of the hydrosphere–atmosphere and biosphere systems.