Sukanta Dey, 2015. "Geological history of the Kaladgi–Badami and Bhima basins, south India: sedimentation in a Proterozoic intracratonic setup", Precambrian Basins of India: Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context, R. Mazumder, P. G. Eriksson
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The Proterozoic Kaladgi–Badami and Bhima basins are intracratonic basins occurring over the Archaean Dharwar craton. The Kaladgi–Badami Basin contains arenites, shales and carbonates with minor cherts and conglomerates deposited in continental, transitional and shallow-marine environments presumably during the late Palaeoproterozoic/Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic. The lower part of the succession (Bagalkot Group) is deformed into east–west-trending elongated doubly plunging synclines and anticlines. The upper part of the succession (Badami Group) is undeformed and unconformably overlies the lower part. The evolution of the Kaladgi–Badami Basin was controlled by movements along east–west-trending normal faults under an extensional stress regime. The Bhima Basin hosts mainly limestones with subordinate arenites and shales deposited in fluvial, deltaic and tidal flat environments possibly during the Neoproterozoic. These sediments are undeformed except along faults with significant strike-slip components. The basin is exposed in narrow strips arranged in an en echelon pattern and appears to be a pull-apart basin. Inadequate data exist on the age of the basin fills, the deep basinal architecture, subsidence history and tectonic controls for both of the basins. Future research may be directed towards these aspects which will have wide implications for understanding intracratonic basin formation, reconstructing Proterozoic supercontinents and studying the evolution of the atmosphere and primitive life forms.
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Precambrian Basins of India: Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context
This Memoir provides a comprehensive review of the Precambrian basins of the four Archaean nuclei of India (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli-Bundelkhand), encompassing descriptions of the time–space distribution of sedimentary–volcanic successions, the interrelationship between tectonics and sedimentation, and basin histories. Studies of 22 basins within the framework of an international basin classification scheme deepen an understanding of the basin architecture especially for cratonic basins. Most Indian sedimentary successions formed as cratonic to extensional-margin rift and thermal-sag basins, some reflecting mantle plume movement, subcrustal heating or far-field stress. This Memoir shows that Phanerozoic plate-tectonic and sequence stratigraphic principles can be applied to the Precambrian basins of large Archaean provinces. The differences between the stratigraphic architecture of the Indian Precambrian and examples of Phanerozoic basin-fill successions elsewhere are ascribed to variable rates and intensities of the controls on accommodation and sediment supply, and changes inherent in the evolution of the hydrosphere–atmosphere and biosphere systems.