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Abstract

The Proterozoic Kaladgi–Badami and Bhima basins are intracratonic basins occurring over the Archaean Dharwar craton. The Kaladgi–Badami Basin contains arenites, shales and carbonates with minor cherts and conglomerates deposited in continental, transitional and shallow-marine environments presumably during the late Palaeoproterozoic/Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic. The lower part of the succession (Bagalkot Group) is deformed into east–west-trending elongated doubly plunging synclines and anticlines. The upper part of the succession (Badami Group) is undeformed and unconformably overlies the lower part. The evolution of the Kaladgi–Badami Basin was controlled by movements along east–west-trending normal faults under an extensional stress regime. The Bhima Basin hosts mainly limestones with subordinate arenites and shales deposited in fluvial, deltaic and tidal flat environments possibly during the Neoproterozoic. These sediments are undeformed except along faults with significant strike-slip components. The basin is exposed in narrow strips arranged in an en echelon pattern and appears to be a pull-apart basin. Inadequate data exist on the age of the basin fills, the deep basinal architecture, subsidence history and tectonic controls for both of the basins. Future research may be directed towards these aspects which will have wide implications for understanding intracratonic basin formation, reconstructing Proterozoic supercontinents and studying the evolution of the atmosphere and primitive life forms.

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