Controls on sedimentation in Indian Palaeoproterozoic basins: clues from the Gwalior and Bijawar basins, central India
Published:January 01, 2015
Partha Pratim Chakraborty, Naresh Chandra Pant, Pritam P. Paul, 2015. "Controls on sedimentation in Indian Palaeoproterozoic basins: clues from the Gwalior and Bijawar basins, central India", Precambrian Basins of India: Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context, R. Mazumder, P. G. Eriksson
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Overlying Archaean Bundelkhand Granite Gneiss Complex, the Gwalior and Bijawar Groups of rocks represent two Palaeoproterozoic basin successions which, despite their common sediment provenance and analogous rift-related tectonic setup, record more dissimilarity in their sedimentation pattern than similarity. Whereas early sedimentation in the Gwalior Basin is clastic, the early Bijawar sedimentation is dominantly chemogenic (limestone and chert) except for an early, restricted volcano-clastic record. Although both of the basins record syn-depositional volcanic/volcaniclastic event(s) in the form of occurrence of basaltic and basaltic–andesite sills encased within their respective basin fills, the occurrence of iron formation in the later part of Gwalior sedimentation history and its absence in the Bijawar succession is related to variable oxidation conditions in the water columns of the two basins. Rising sea-level and upwelling on the continental margins of these two rift-related basins possibly generated different water chemistries; these allowed the deposition of iron formation in the Gwalior Basin and phosphorite in the Bijawar Basin. Effects of post-depositional digenetic re-crystallization are noticed within both iron formation and phosphorite deposits present in the basin successions.
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Precambrian Basins of India: Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context
This Memoir provides a comprehensive review of the Precambrian basins of the four Archaean nuclei of India (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli-Bundelkhand), encompassing descriptions of the time–space distribution of sedimentary–volcanic successions, the interrelationship between tectonics and sedimentation, and basin histories. Studies of 22 basins within the framework of an international basin classification scheme deepen an understanding of the basin architecture especially for cratonic basins. Most Indian sedimentary successions formed as cratonic to extensional-margin rift and thermal-sag basins, some reflecting mantle plume movement, subcrustal heating or far-field stress. This Memoir shows that Phanerozoic plate-tectonic and sequence stratigraphic principles can be applied to the Precambrian basins of large Archaean provinces. The differences between the stratigraphic architecture of the Indian Precambrian and examples of Phanerozoic basin-fill successions elsewhere are ascribed to variable rates and intensities of the controls on accommodation and sediment supply, and changes inherent in the evolution of the hydrosphere–atmosphere and biosphere systems.