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Book Chapter

Magmatic volatile distribution as recorded by rhyolitic melt inclusions in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

By
Florence Bégué
Florence Bégué
1
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, PB 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
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Darren M. Gravley
Darren M. Gravley
1
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, PB 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
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Isabelle Chambefort
Isabelle Chambefort
2
GNS Science, Wairakei Research Centre, PB 2000, Taupo 3352, New Zealand
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Chad D. Deering
Chad D. Deering
3
Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Tech, 630 Dow Environmental Sciences, 1400 Townsend Drive, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
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Ben M. Kennedy
Ben M. Kennedy
1
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, PB 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
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Published:
January 01, 2015

Abstract

The central Taupo Volcanic Zone (TVZ) is an actively rifting continental arc and is well known for its exceptionally high rate of rhyolitic magma generation and frequent caldera-forming eruptions. Two end-member types of rhyolites (R1 and R2) have been previously identified based on differences in their bulk-rock chemistry and mineral assemblage with hydrous phases crystallizing in the R1 type, which are not present or only rare in R2 rhyolites. Here we present new trace element and volatile data from rhyolitic melt inclusions measured in several representative eruptive deposits (R1 and R2 rhyolites) from the central TVZ to examine their volatile concentrations and origin. R1 and R2 show very distinct Cl concentrations, with R2 rhyolites being enriched in Cl by c. 1000 ppm. H2O is slightly higher in the R1 rhyolites, whereas CO2 concentrations are similar between the two end-member types. The origin of these volatile disparities between R1 and R2 melts is assigned to differences in the initial bulk volatile content of the parental magma, possibly associated with distinct input of fluids from the subduction zone. These disparities in bulk volatile concentrations can lead to variations in relative timing of exsolution of volatile phase(s) prior to melt inclusion entrapment.

Supplementary material:

Major, trace and volatile composition for the analysed central TVZ rhyolites, and comparison of H2O data between the transmission and reflectance FTIR are available at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18767.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas

G. F. Zellmer
G. F. Zellmer
Massey University, New Zealand
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M. Edmonds
M. Edmonds
University of Cambridge, UK
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S. M. Straub
S. M. Straub
Columbia University, USA
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Geological Society of London
Volume
410
ISBN electronic:
9781862396982
Publication date:
January 01, 2015

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