Evaluating the impact of a late-burial corrosion model on reservoir permeability and performance in a mature carbonate field using near-wellbore upscaling
Published:January 01, 2015
Viswasanthi Chandra, Paul Wright, Andrew Barnett, Richard Steele, Paul Milroy, Patrick Corbett, Sebastian Geiger, Alessandro Mangione, 2015. "Evaluating the impact of a late-burial corrosion model on reservoir permeability and performance in a mature carbonate field using near-wellbore upscaling", Fundamental Controls on Fluid Flow in Carbonates: Current Workflows to Emerging Technologies, S. M. Agar, S. Geiger
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Field X comprises a giant Palaeogene limestone reservoir with a long production history. An original geomodel used for history matching employed a permeability transform derived directly from core data. However, the resulting permeability model required major modifications, such as horizontal and vertical permeability multipliers, in order to match the historic data. The rationale behind these multipliers is not well understood and not based on geological constraints. Our study employs an integrated near-wellbore upscaling workflow to identify and evaluate the geological heterogeneities that enhanced reservoir permeability. Key among these heterogeneities are mechanically weak zones of solution-enhanced porosity, leached stylolites and associated tension-gashes, which were developed during late-stage diagenetic corrosion. The results of this investigation confirmed the key role of diagenetic corrosion in enhancing the permeability of the reservoir. Insights gained from the available production history, in conjunction with petrophysical data analysis, substantiated the characterization of this solution-enhanced permeability. This study provided valuable insights into the means by which a satisfactory field-level history match for a giant carbonate reservoir can be achieved. Instead of applying artificial permeability multipliers that do not necessarily capture the impacts of geological heterogeneities, our method incorporates representations of fine-scale heterogeneities. Improving the characterization of permeability distribution in the field provided an updated and geologically consistent permeability model that could contribute to the ongoing development plans to maximize incremental oil recovery.
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Fundamental Controls on Fluid Flow in Carbonates: Current Workflows to Emerging Technologies
This volume highlights key challenges for fluid-flow prediction in carbonate reservoirs, the approaches currently employed to address these challenges and developments in fundamental science and technology. The papers span methods and case studies that highlight workflows and emerging technologies in the fields of geology, geophysics, petrophysics, reservoir modelling and computer science. Topics include: detailed pore-scale studies that explore fundamental processes and applications of imaging and flow modelling at the pore scale; case studies of diagenetic processes with complementary perspectives from reactive transport modelling; novel methods for rock typing; petrophysical studies that investigate the impact of diagenesis and fault-rock properties on acoustic signatures; mechanical modelling and seismic imaging of faults in carbonate rocks; modelling geological influences on seismic anisotropy; novel approaches to geological modelling; methods to represent key geological details in reservoir simulations and advances in computer visualization, analytics and interactions for geoscience and engineering.